Please follow the directions below carefully. Submit your work in the student comments section of the assignment page where possible. Complete only one of the options for your journal.
Copy the chart below and complete with clear definitions for the 15 terms or concepts provided. Then add 10 more from your reading to practice to prepare for the module 5 exam.
Term or Concept
1. applied behavior analysis (ABA) an applied natural science devoted to developing and applying procedures for effective and beneficial behavior change
2. biological preparedness the idea that people and animals are inherently inclined to form associations between certain stimuli and responses
3. classical conditioning a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus
4. cognitive perspective the psychological viewpoint that the focuses on the how people (and other animals) process, store, and retrieve information and how this information is used to reason and solve problems.
5. continuous reinforcement an operant conditioning principle in which an organism is reinforced every single time that organism provides the appropriate operant respons
6. discriminative stimulus a stimulus in the presence of which a particular response will be reinforced
7. fixed interval schedule of reinforcement a fixed-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed
8. fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement a fixed-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses
When the solution to a problem comes to you in an all-of-a-sudden manner, it can be considered insight
10. latent learning a form of learning that is not immediately expressed in an overt response; it occurs without any obvious reinforcement of the behavior or associations that are learned.
11. Law of Effect esponses closely followed by satisfaction will become firmly attached to the situation and therefore more likely to reoccur when the situation is repeated
12. negative reinforcement a response or behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing, or avoiding a negative outcome or aversive stimulus.
13. observational learning a type of learning that occurs as a function of observing, retaining and replicating novel behavior executed by others.
14. operant conditioning a type of learning in which an individual's behavior is modified by its antecedents and consequences.
15. partial reinforcement effect reinforcing an organism only sometimes and not everytime