14 Variants Of Christianity Essay example

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Variants of
Christianity
Catholicism
Orthodox
Anglican
Communion
Protestant
Pentecostal

 Worship

Catholic

For Catholics worship is liturgical
(follows a set pattern or ritual) and it is sacramental (emphasis on the Sacrament the
Eucharist). The Eucharist or
Mass is the main form of worship.  Teachings

Drawn from both Scripture and the Tradition of the Church: the
Magisterium is the teaching authority of the Catholic Church.

Catholic
Authority structure
It is hierarchical and structured and under the authority of the Pope.
There are also
Cardinals
Bishops
Priests


All decision making authority resides in these ordained people all male and celibate.



The Catholic
Variant is divided into 8 Catholic
Rites:

1. Roman
2. Armenian
3. Byzantine
4. Coptic
5. Ethiopian
6. Chaldean
7. Maronite
8. West

Syrian

Catholic:
Understanding
of the Eucharist

Catholics believe in the Real
Presence of Christ under the form of bread and wine.
The priest calls on the Holy Spirit to change the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ .
This is called
TRANSUBSTANTIATION
The FORM of the bread and wine remain the same but the
SUBSTANCE changes – the inner
Reality changes. And so Christ is really present – not literally or physically as he was when alive.
.

Catholic: Understanding of
Salvation


Catholics believe that faith and good deeds are necessary for salvation.



Jesus’s self-sacrificing love and death have brought salvation for everyone but each person needs to work for their own personal growth and transformation to become Christ-like.

Catholic: Mary and the Saints


Mary is the Mother of Jesus and the
Mother of God.



Strong tradition of prayer to Mary as the one who will intercede for the believer – that is, pray for them too:
Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death 

Prayers are addressed to the Saints too in the same way

Catholic: 7 Sacraments
Sacrament: a visible sign of God’s presence and action in the lives of believers.
1.Baptism
2.Eucharist
3.Reconciliation
4.Confirmation
5.Marriage
6.Holy

Orders
7.Anointing of the Sick

Orthodox


Developed in the 11th Century



Brought about by a schism – a break with the Catholic Church

Result of disagreements esp with regard to The Filioque Clause in the Nicene Creed:
“… the Holy Spirit who proceeds from the Father and the Son” .
Those who disagreed with this statement in the Nicene Creed broke away




Called themselves ORTHODOX which means “correct teaching”

Orthodox Rites
EG
Greek

Orthodox
Russian Orthodox
Serbian Orthodox
ETC

Orthodox Authority structure  The churches are self – governed and led by Patriarchs



But the Ecumenical Patriarch of
Constantinople is considered the spiritual leader



Only men may become priests



Priests may marry



Bishops must remain celibate



Sources of authority and teaching:
Bible and Holy Tradition

Orthodox Worship










Liturgical worship: follows a rituaL It is called the Divine Liturgy
They believe the bread and wine change and becomes the body and blood of Christ
This is called the Divine Mystery
(not transubstantiation)
They use icons in their liturgy
The liturgical celebration is often very long and uses incense
The liturgy is often wholly sung
Parts of the celebration are hidden from the view of the congregation - takes place behind the iconostasis (screen)

Anglicanism - also known as The
Church of England
 Developed in the 16th Century


It came into being through a separation from the Roman Church



Politics and theology were behind the separation from the Roman Church and the Pope



Separation initiated by Henry VIII who broke away from the authority of the
Pope and proclaimed himself head of the Church in England.



It was then influenced by the theology of the Protestant reformer Martin Luther

The Anglican Communion
Anglicans are divided into:
High Anglican: In beliefs and worship this group is similar to the Catholic…