17c PAPER

Submitted By alebarua
Words: 1763
Pages: 8

4. If the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments guaranteed equal protection of the laws and the right to vote, why was a Civil Rights movement necessary in the 1950s and 1960s? What major factors and events led up to the Civil Rights movement and what were the gains and losses experienced by those participating in the movement?

Gender and racial equality injustice in the United States against African Americans dates backs to long ago in the early colonization and building of the nation. After the Civil War, the United States underwent a Reconstruction Era in which the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were added to the Constitution.

The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed African Americans equal protection under law and guaranteed him or her the right to vote but government authority lacked support and push to enforce these. The Civil Rights movement was necessary in order for African Americans to achieve equality within a white dominated society. Moreover, the Civil Rights movement served as a catalyst for African Americans to secure their political rights by gaining concrete legislation. Legislation in the Black community meant the support of both Congress and the President. African American perceived this support as a milestone because Congress and the President could enforce laws in favor of integration. African Americans viewed integration as the root to equality because integration meant that black citizens and white citizens would receive equal treatment and therefore the opportunity to pursue
The Civil Rights movement was successful through political organizations, direct action protests and changing speeds at which presidents addressed inequality.

During this time that dates back to the late 1800s, there was a lot of hostility in the South against the new politics and the Reconstruction providing opportunities for African Americans. Not all Southern Whites agreed with this and as a result, many angry men took part in horrifying acts such as lynching in great quantities. Founded as a way to defend African Americans that were tormented and a goal of actually securing constitutional rights identified in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People comes together in 1909. The NAACP was and is still a major component of Civil Rights today. When it formed, the NAACP was able to identify and show this mistreatment and injustice that African Americans received on a day-to-day basis under a society that this. This political organization began in the 1900s and it persevered on for many years with strong beliefs in equal treatment, justice and liberty for all races.

The Civil Rights movement began to become recognized once again in the mid 1950s. Civil Rights activism was still present between this time and the 1900s but with the conflicts between the United States among Nations, it was not until the Post Cold War era that the fight for justice and equality for colored was reborn.
The Civil Rights reawakening happened with the Brown vs. Board of Education challenged the segregated schools in the South and the goal with this case was to let the states understand that doing this to there children, separating them based on race and color was unconstitutional and resisting. With the Brown vs. Board of Education case, the African American community was able to take the White Southern views of segregation in the state of Kansas and challenge them in Supreme Court. This case challenged the idea of gradualism because although the Amendments that protected all under the same equality, prevous presidents had had the mentality of letting the segregation slowly fribble away but it was seen here that some this idea would not work. The NAACP political organization strongly supported this as it had also began to breakdown and identify the racism and segregation found in schools and the Brown vs. Board of Education case seemed to be a…