* Spanish Flu Epidemic * Winnipeg General Strike * One Big Union * King-Byng Affair * Chanak Crisis * Halibut Treaty * Nellie McClung
* Alice Jamieson * Emily Murphy * Agnes Macphail * Women’s Christian Temperance Union * Famous Five/Alberta Five * Prohibition
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1. How did Mackenzie King attempt to establish a more independent Canadian foreign policy? * King successfully defined and established Canada’s reputation as a middle power committed to world order. King campaigned for the rights of the colonies to control their own foreign policies during the Imperial Conference in 1926. And in 1923, King’s gov’t signed the Halibut treaty independent of Britain. 2. To what extent was the Winnipeg General Strike a failure of a success for the workers? * Winnipeg General Strike was in some ways considered to be a failure for the workers. This is because at the end of the strike, employees were forced to sign yellow-dog contracts, not allowing them to join unions. The leaders were sent to jail, and some workers were banned from returning to their jobs. 3. What do you think was the most significant innovation during the 1920s? Explain. * I think the most significant innovation during the 1920s was insulin. It allowed people who had severe diabetes to live a normal life. Insulin allowed the body to maintain blood sugar. Before insulin, patients had to follow strict diets, and minimize sugar intakes. Sometimes people would die from starvation. 4. Did the 1920s roar? Evaluate.
The 1920s roared, in terms of woman rights, autonomy, economy, society and innovations. Woman pressured the government to redefine the definition of woman, while women in society (flappers) changed the traditional role of women. Autonomy grew as King established a more independent Canadian foreign policy. 5. In what ways did the Group of Seven challenge Canadians’ views of themselves? * The G7 challenged Canadians to stop looking to Europe for their artistic inspiration and to embrace art created by Canadians that celebrated the beauty of Canada. 6. Has Canadian culture become stronger or weaker since the 20s? Explain. * Stronger b/c more independence from Britain, role of women, etc. Canadians enjoy more freedoms and rights, and as well, they have jobs.
Spanish Flu Epidemic: In 1918-1919, the Spanish Flu killed 20 to 40 million people worldwide. It transported to Canada through crowded troop ships carrying soldiers home. 2 million Canadians caught the disease, and 50,000 died
Winnipeg General Strike: When soldiers returned home from war, they were offered low wages, poor working conditions, long hours, and no way to complain, due to inflation. When employers refused to negotiate, 30,000 people walked out in a general strike on May 15, 1919. The Winnipeg General Strike was the largest since then. Essential services were shut down and Employers and government could see what employees and labour unions could do. Labour conditions and wages changed over the years due to the awareness of this strike.
OBU: In Calgary in March 1919, union delegates formed the OBU to fight for workers’ rights. The OBU included trained and untrained workers in the same union. The OBU advocated the use of the general strike. It was the idea that if all business activities were stopped, employers would have to grant workers’