Essay 201 assignment pysical development

Submitted By Balouchphozi
Words: 4498
Pages: 18

Assignment overview

Introduction
This assignment is intended to provide evidence of a candidate’s knowledge and understanding of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. By completing all tasks within the assignment, the candidate will provide evidence that meets the Learning Outcomes and assessment criteria of Level 2 Unit 201, Child and young person development.

Tasks
There are three tasks to this assignment.

A Complete table

B Complete table

C Complete table

This is a summary of the evidence required for the unit.

Task
Evidence required
Unit coverage
A
Complete tables

1. Know the main stages of children and young person development

1.1/ 1.2
B
Complete tables

2. Understand the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’s development

2.1/ 2.2
C
Complete tables

3. Understand the potential effects of transitions on children and young people’s development

3.1/ 3.2/ 3.3

Task A(Ref 1.1, 1.2)
The candidate will complete the following four tables showing the different stages of development against the different ages, and identify how development is holistic by showing links to other developmental aspects.

1. Physical development -Table 1
2. Intellectual development - Table2
3. Communication development - Table3
4. Social, emotional and behavioural development - Table4

Table 1: physical development
Age range
Description of the stage
An example of how this impacts on another aspect of development
0-3 months
Will grasp finger if placed on the palm of their hand. At one month lifts head when lying on tummy. Holds head at 45-degree angle. At two months holds head steady.
Grasping finger in the palm of hand strengthens their grip thus can learn to hold objects for longer periods. Hold things and watch as they move about helps them develop hand and eye co-ordination. Leg, neck, arm, back muscle getting stronger preparing for the crawling stage
3-6 months
Can roll over from tummy to back. Holds head steady. Can bring hands together. At 4 months can bear weight on legs, can grasp a toy, rolls over from tummy to back. At five month rolls over in both directions
Leg and back, hand muscle are stronger baby sits momentarily without support. Plays with hands and feet. Baby’s balance getting better. Lunges forward to start crawling.
6-9 months
Sits without support. Drags objects towards herself. Crawls. Use their whole hand (pal mar grasp) to pass a toy from one hand to the other.
Pulls self to standing cruises. Picks things up with thumb-finger pincer grasp. More confident with holding which encourages baby to hold on to furniture and stand
9-12 months
Picks things up with Pincer grasp. Crawls well, with belly off the ground. Attempt to walk when hands are held. Pulls to standing. Sits unsupported
Indicates wants with gesture. More confident with grasping puts objects into a container. As leg muscles become stronger with standing while holding furniture confidence to stand alone for a couple of seconds’ takes trial.
1-2 years
Takes a few steps. Squats and kneels when playing. Can point with index finger at objects of interest, can release a small object into someone’s hand, and can hold a crayon in a palmer grasp. Show preference for one hand over the other.
Babies view their world changing dramatically as they become more mobile and walk well alone. At this stage they are developing their own sense of identity.
2-4 years
Walks well alone. Squats and kneels when playing. Climbing onto an adult chair and turning around to sit on it .Can hold a pencil in their whole hand or between the thumb and first two fingers ( primitive tripod grasp)
Children have an increasing desire for independence, and are developing a recognisable character and personality of their own. Children can run, jump, kick, and use words as well as actions to express themselves. They are curious and impulsive explorers of their environment and want to be as independent as possible.
4-7 years
Children have…