Diploma L2 – 205 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health & social care
Please record your understanding of the following:
Type of abuse
Signs and symptoms
Physical abuse is a deliberate act of violence, rough treatment, or use of physical force against an adult.
Someone who is being physically abused may show signs of it, but they may not be noticed by others if the victim is hiding the abuse.
Cuts, Bruises, Burns, Grip mark and, Black eyes, Unusual pattern or location of injury. But there also signs that are not that easy to identify these are Fear full, depression, anxiety and withdrawal from regular activities and social contact
Sexual abuse involves any sexual behaviour directed toward an adult without that adult’s knowledge and consent. Sexual abuse can happen to people of all ages, including the elderly. Sexual abuse is a way that a person tries to have control over someone and has nothing to do with consenting sex between adults. Sexual abuse is another form of physical and emotional control of one person over another person, and it has nothing to do with consensual sex between adults.
Pain, itching or bruises around breasts or genital area Torn, stained or bloody underclothing. Sexually transmitted diseases such as venereal disease,Vaginal/anal bleeding and Depression, withdrawal from regular activities, fear, anxiety
Emotional abuse/ psychological abuse
Type of abuse
Emotional abuse can be as painful and damaging as physical abuse because it diminishes an adult’s sense of identity, dignity and self-worth.
Emotional abuse is when a person is verbally assaulted, insulted, yelled at, threatened or humiliated by someone close to them or by a caregiver.
The abuser often confines a person or isolates them by preventing them from having visits from family and friends or by denying them the chance to attend doctor or other personal care appointments.
Depression, fear, anxiety, and behaviour changes when a caregiver enters or leaves the room
Signs and symptoms
Financial abuse involves the improper, illegal or unauthorized use of an adult’s resources for the benefit of another.
Unpaid bills, No money for food, clothing, or medication an Unexplained withdrawal of money from someone’s bank account. Family member or representative refuses to spend money on the adult’s behalf, Possessions disappear And also Family member or another person forces an adult to sign over Power of Attorney against their own will
Poor care standards, lack of positive responses to complex needs. Rigid routines. Inadequate staffing. Insufficient knowledge base within service.
Inability to make choices or decisions. Agitation if routine broken. Disorientation. Patterns of challenging behaviour-
Adults are neglected when a caregiver does not provide the essential daily living needs of an adult dependent upon them, for things such as food, clothing, shelter, bathing, medication, health care, and doctor visits. Self-neglect happens when an adult can no longer take care of their own basic daily living needs.
Malnourishment, Dehydration possible Confusion. Inappropriate clothing, Under or over medication, Skin sores, Poor hygiene this can include looking, smelling and been very untidy if the client service user was always smartly dressed. Absence of required aids, canes and walkers
Neglect by others
Includes acts of omission. Ignoring physical or medical care needs. Failure to provide access to appropriate health, social care or educational services. Withholding necessities of life e.g. medications, nutrition, heating.
Absence of food, heat, hygiene, clothing, comfort. Preventing client to have access to services. Isolation.