APUSH: The American Pageant- Reading Guide
Chapter 3: Settling the Northern Colonies, 1619-1700
A. The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism
1. Who started the Protestant Reformation in Europe? Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation by nailing a set of protest against the Catholic doctrine in 1517.
2. Who was the leader of the Calvinist movement in Europe? John Calvin is the leader of the Calvinist movement.
3. Identify three religious groups (rooted in Calvinism) that migrated to the American colonies. Three religious groups that migrated to the colonies, rooted in Calvinism, were THE Scottish Presbyterians, French Huguenots, and the Dutch Reformed Church.
4. What was John Calvin’s view of humans? God? Salvation? John Calvin believed that God is the most powerful and human are evil and corrupted by sin. He also believed that God has already chosen who will go to heaven. These people are known as the "elect."
5. Why did King Henry VIII break away from the Catholic Church in the 1500’s? King Henry VIII wanted to break away from the Catholic Church because he wanted to divorce his wife.
6. Why did King James I of England feel threatened by religious separatists? King James I felt threatened by religious separatists because he was frightened by the fact that they might defy him as a political leader after they defied him as a spiritual leader.
B. The Pilgrims end Their Pilgrimage at Plymouth
7. In your own words, briefly discuss the Pilgrims’ journey. The Pilgrims' journey consisted of Dutch separatists who suffered from turmoil and poverty in Holland. They negotiated with the Virginia Company to aboard the Mayflower, landing on Plymouth Bay which they did not have a legal right to be there.
8. What was the purpose of the Mayflower Compact? The Mayflower Compact was an agreement to form a government and submit to the majority of the colony.
9. Identify the leader of the Plymouth Colony. William Bradford was the leader of the Plymouth Colony.
C. The Bay Colony Bible Commonwealth
10. How many people left England in the 1630’s during the “Great Migration”? How many refugees went to Massachusetts? During the "Great Migration," about seventy thousand refugees left England, but only twenty thousand came to Massachusetts.
11. What did John Winthrop believe? Did his thoughts reflect the beliefs of Puritan colonists in the Massachusetts Bay? John Winthrop believed he had a calling from God to serve as governor of Massachusetts Bay which reflected the