“All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.” Article 1 of the Constitution deals with the structure, powers and operations of Congress. The bicameralism of Congress was in part an outgrowth of the Connecticut Compromise, which tried to balance the large state population advantage, reflected in the House, and the small-state demand for equality in policymaking, which was satisfied in the Senate. Members of the House of Representatives should be elected directly by “the people”, whereas members of the Senate were to be chosen by the elected representatives in state legislature. Members of the House are required to face the electorate every two years, while Senators serve for a lengthier six years. The most obvious function of legislature is lawmaking, but they are also indebted to their constituents. Providing service to constituents or casework, includes tasks such as representation, public education, and conflict resolution. Therefore what most Americans see of Congress is the work of their own representatives in their home state. Members of the general public hold the institution of Congress in relatively low regard compared with the satisfaction they express with respect to their individual representatives. The media does a fine job of covering the wrong doing of individuals within legislature leading to a skewed pessimistic view of our government. Many a congressman has found themselves the victim of yellow journalism.
The Judicial Branch or The Federal Court System is a dual court system. There are state courts and federal court. When thinking of the federal court, The Supreme Court is what commonly comes to mind. But in fact the Federal Court System is much more than one court. There are different courts under the federal system such as the Court of Appeals, Court of Federal Claims or the Court of International Trade. To decide where a suit will be tried depends on jurisdiction, federal question and diversity of citizenship. Article II, Section 2 of The Constitution states that the president appoints the justices of The Supreme Court with the advice and consent of the Senate. This act takes place with every federal judge, no matter what the level. Interest groups take little part within the realm of The Federal Court System. Out of the three branches of government, The Judicial system seems to receive the least amount of media scrutiny and public backlash. Every once in awhile a trial will arise that brings the notion of morality versus choice and the public will take notice. But in general the court system is left to tend to business without the constant eye of social media.