3 P3 STUDY GUIDE Recovered Essay

Submitted By Peyton-Davies
Words: 1431
Pages: 6

WORLD HISTORY


P3 TEST STUDY GUIDE

DIRECTIONS:

THE MORE YOU FILL OUT CORRECTLY, AND STUDY THE CORRECT MATERIAL, THE HIGHER
YOUR EXAM GRADE.

CONCEPTS:

BE FAMILIAR WITH THE: SOCIAL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL CONSEQUENCES
OF THE FOLLOWING DURING THE 600 CE – 1450 CE PERIODIZATION:

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The division of Islam
After the death of Caliph Ali, a civil war broke out in the Umma; two types of Muslims emerged, Sunni who accepted Umayyad rule, and the Shiites, who rejected Umayyad rule and eventually created Abbasid dynasty.
Mecca vs. Medina for Muslims
Mecca
is the site for the hajj, sacred mosque (Kaaba); black stone / Medina
; “city of the prophet”, mosque of the prophet; city where muhammed died; umma community; Islam began to spread from the Umma; Islam became official in Medina
The significance of the Five Pillars;
SPEC of Muslim world; controlled way of life, standard of living for muslims and eventually controlled how governments were ran;
The significance of the Quran ; holy book based off of oral presentation from Mohammad; abrogation on Quran ( all revelations are null and void); teaches ways of war and submission to Allah
The geographical spread of Islam
Muslim world connected to several regions and communities through multiple water trade routes; controlled trade (land and water); adopted many new customs and traditions of lands they conquered (persians, greeks, etc.) The significance of the ulama :
Helped spread Islam to new regions; lead to establishment of madrassas; madrassas were supported by the wealthy; teaching of art,science, and new technologies
The true interaction of the classes during the feudal era
Lords and retainers: local authority give grants to those willing to serve and enforce legal procedures in Western Europe; free peasants, serfs, and slaves; serfs were vital to economy of feudal europe; peasants allowed to own land but payed taxes
Lords
, retainers , peasants,serfs,chattel slaves
How the Roman Catholic church progressed created central church hierarchy; Franciscans and Dominicans helped spread christianity; large amounts of churches established for refuges, communication in central church hierarchy, and served as centers of scholarship
Buddhism and its effects in China became popular due to empress wu; large amounts of buddhist monasteries; they were good for economic wealth; many other rulers disliked buddhism and eventually buddhism began to decline; this decline hurt china
The significance of Chang’an at the time, world’s most populous city; cosmopolitan area; connected to Grand canal; transport of goods from north to south
Conflicting societies with the Tang Empire weakened by chinese rebellion, Tang was under attack from Turkish nomads,
Uighurs; Tang never recovered after Chang’an was conquered; Islamic army tried to spread over to china, managed to take portion of west and silk road
Groups that fought for control of China during the last days of the Tang Empire
Turkish nomads, uighurs, and chinese rebels attempted to take over Tang empire; tang was weakened severely; 907: last emperor resigned and empire was dissolved
The significance of flying money on the economy of China
Allowed economy to flourish even more; citizens able to collect more money; lighter than coins
Major demographic centers in the Americas site for religious purposes due to rituals and sacrifices; economically due to it being a site for trading and bartering; and politically for rulers and high ranking authorities to obtain tributes (taxes)
The social impacts and justification for human sacrifice in the Americas viewed as a way to continue the world’s survival; most sacrifices were criminals or captured warriors; rituals were to please the war god Huitzilopochtli
How the Mayans developed politically
At first, society didn’t…