Equal Rights in the United States
October 1st 2014
Jim Crow laws:
The Jim Crow laws where put in place between 1876 and 1965 to add on to the already harsh segregation laws. These laws where used to segregate public schools, bathrooms, jobs, and even living districts. The government passed this set of laws because they believed that the black community’s values were lesser than the white. One reason why these laws were passed was because they were under the assumption of being separate but equal.
The freedom riders were civil rights activist who road on busses from state to state in the southern United States. This took place in 1961 when still much of the USA was segregated. The Freedom Riders where a mix between blacks and whites that rose up together to eliminate segregation on public busses.
The Watts Riots took place for six days and is known as the largest urban rebellion of the civil rights era. The riots began on August 11th 1965 when a black Motorist was pulled over and arrested under the assumption of being intoxicated at the site of arrest a crowd formed and a riot began. Over the course of six days close to 15,000 National Guard troops where called in to contain the situation.
Dred Scott decision:
On March 6th, 1857, Chief Justice Roger B. Taney came to a conclusion to the Dred Scott case. Seven of the nine justices agreed that Dred Scott should remain a slave, but Taney did not stop there. He also ruled that as a slave, Dred Scott was not a citizen of the United States, and therefore had no right to bring suit in the federal courts on any matter. This decision caused antislavery groups to up rise in fear that slavery would spread across America. This event was one of many that would soon push the country into a civil war.
The NAACP or the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Was founded in 1909 and is the nations largest and oldest civil rights organization. The goal of the NAACP was to eliminate the hatred and racial discrimination of African Americans.
Ku Klux Klan:
The Ku Klux Klan was formed in 1865 and is still around today with and estimated 8,000 members. The Klan is most known for their violent Acts against African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement. Their goal was to purify the American society.
Voting Rights act of 1965:
President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights act into law in 1965; the objective of this law was to prohibit racial discrimination in voting. In the law it states that no state or local government can impose voting laws that restrict minorities living in the United States from voting. The Voting Rights act is known to be the most effective law passed during the civil revolution.
Black Panther Party:
The Black Panther Party was formed in California in 1966. They played a short but important roll in the civil rights movement. Their roll was to patrol African American Neighborhoods and protect against white brutality they believed that in order to archive independence violence was necessary.
Designed in the 1960s Affirmative action is a federal agenda formed to counteract discrimination against African Americans. As a result Blacks living in America were given equal opportunities as whites and the race war came to a progressing end.
Brown Vs. Board Of Education:
Many American schools in the early 1900s were segregated which was made