8 Phases Of Electing President Essay

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Unit 7 Study Guide
Hayley Monette

8 phases of electing President:
-Exploratory Comm./Announcement
-Primary & Caucuses
-DNC & RNC
-Face-off
-General election: popular vote
-General election: electoral vote
-Election certified
-Inauguration! (remember Beyonce?)

Constitutional Requirements
Article II, Sect 1, Clause 5
Natural Born Citizen
At least 35 years old
Youngest elected Pres. – JFK
Oldest elected Pres. – Ronald Reagan
Have lived in U.S. 14 years
Same for V.P.

Most U.S. presidents have been…
-White Males
-Christian
-English Ancestry

Presidential Info
-4 year Term
-Limited to 2 terms by 22nd Amendment (maximum 10 years)
-FDR served 4 terms before passage of 22nd Amendment!
-Annual Salary of $400,000
-President Washington received $25,000, but refused it
-President Kennedy donated his salary ($100,000) to the United Way charity
-18.3 acres in downtown D.C.
-132 rooms on 6 floors (most underground)
-A tennis court, jogging track, swimming pool, movie theater, and bowling lane, basketball ct.
-5 Full-time Chefs, 1 on duty at all times
-$10 million a year to upkeep

Presidential Sucession
-The plan for replacing a President
John Tyler the first in 1841
-Order of succession fixed in 1947
Vice President
Speaker of the House
President Pro Tempore of Senate
Sec State, Treasury, Defense, etc.,

One must always be absent from State of the Union Address

Executive Branch
-Responsibilities are spelled out in the US Constitution under Article II
Main duty of the branch:
-To enforce laws and regulations passed along to them from the Legislative branch

Presidential Terms
Traditional - Two, four-year terms (if re-elected)
Does the Constitution state anything about term limits?
NO! The norm was that every President only served two terms, the precedent for this was set by George Washington
Who changed this tradition?
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) was elected to four consecutive terms
Passed away at beginning of fourth term at the very end of WWII

22nd amendment
The problem with four consecutive terms was finally addressed with the passage of the 22nd Amendment
Placed limits on presidential terms to two, four year terms
No more than ten maximum years – HOW???
Ten maximum years- If V.P. has to replace a President before the halfway point of a term (January 20th or earlier) then V.P. would get credit for that term, and could only serve one more term (6 max years);
If V.P. takes over after halfway point of a term than he finishes that term, but not counted as his, then gets two more consecutive terms (max. of 10 years)

Non-constutitional presidential requirements
Government experience (governor, mayor, senator, etc.)
Fundraising ability: be able to raise money
Political ideology: moderate in being liberal or conservative
Background: older, wealthy, charisma and speaking ability
Inner-personal: have great strengths, moral character, with as little weakness as possible

Duties of V.P.
Participate in policy (law making) decisions
Be at special assignments at requests of President
Involved in diplomatic assignments (abroad)
Member of national security council
Anything else the President requests of him

Where are the presidential expressed powers located?
-Article II, Section 2, 3, Clauses 1-3, 1

7 roles of the president
-Chief of State
-Chief executive
-Chief Legislator
-Chief Economic Planner
-Party Chief
-Chief Diplomat
-Commander in Chief
-All except for Party Chief & Chief Economic Planner were mentioned in the Constitution

Chief of State
-REPRESENTS NATION
-PERFORMS CEREMONIAL DUTIES
-HOSTS KINGS AND QUEENS
-PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS

Chief Executive
-ENFORCES LAWS
-APPOINTS AND REMOVES FEDERAL OFFICIALS & Federal judges
-Senate approval is needed
-IMPOUNDMENT – can refuse to spend money on programs (Unconstitutional)
-EXECUTIVE ORDERS – rules that have the force of law. Ex: Cabinet
-CAN GRANT REPRIEVES, PARDONs, AND AMNESTY

REPRIEVE- postponement of legal punishment. Ex: death penalty
PARDON- release from legal punishment…