AP Human Geography
Ethnicity Case Study
1) Conflicts Between the North and South Korea
Korean Peninsula is located at East Asia, between China and Sea of Japan. In Korean Peninsula, there are two sovereignty states: North Korea and South Korea. Both sides have been fighting since 1950’s. North Koreans prefer communist government by influence of both China and Soviets, while South Koreans favor unitary presidential constitutional republic, influenced by U.S.. Since after WW2, when Japan relinquished control over Korea, both sides has been fighting over the border line.
On June 25, 1950, North Korean force invaded South Korea. U.S. and 16 countries from UN joins the South Korea to defend, while China and Soviets sides with North Korea. Over the course of conflict, both sides have fought to maintain the imaginary line, 38th parallel. The war didn’t finish until 1953 when North and South Korea accepted the armistice brought by UN. Establishment of DMZ line over the boulder kept the both side from interfering with the line. 1. Sept. 1945: Korea divided into two states. 2. 1949: U.S. and Soviets pull their army away. 3. June 25, 1950: North Korea invaded South Korea. 4. March 1953: Armistice re-established the boulder line between two, ended the war. 5. Up to 21st century, North Korea has attempted multiple times to assassinate major leaders of South Korea. Some were successful. 6. In 21st century, North Korea experimenting nuclear missiles, tension within South Korea increases.
I think South Korea is the right one. Past decade or so, North Korea has been attacking South Korea on purpose and them being the communist does not help out the case. They also test nuclear missiles even though UN has passed international law stating that they cannot do that. North Korea has the largest army in the world, dictated by their leader Kim Jong Un, creates disturbance within neighboring countries. They also face one of the worst famines in the history; the economy is beyond replaceable, crops cannot be produced, people are forced to work for the military, and most of the places are unsanitarized.
In the bright side, South Korea has been one of the fastest growing countries in the world. Their economy is one of the fastest growing economy, surpassed trillion dollars and ranked 20th currently in the world. They make their name mostly in technology field, from a car to cell phone. They also excel in education, transportation system, and sports world (baseball and soccer). They are considered to be the biggest rival to powerhouse in Asia, Japan, in terms of successfulness. I believe that North Korea is jealous at South Korea for their success and they don’t think they are doing anything wrong, thus they are eager to bring South Korea “back”.
I would say keep both separated. Not so much with South Korea but North Korea will do anything to keep South Korea off-balanced, creating problems, and over-powering them. They want to be the powerhouse essentially, and they see that U.S. and South Korea is in the way. And for them to surpass, they believe that they could take over by military (with possibility of development of nuclear missiles). This is similar to typical one-sided approach on the one. You have a person who adores one and that one doesn’t care, it would be North Korea wanting them but South Korea doesn’t. My proposal to fix their international relationship is waiting for 50 years of the time. During that time, North Korea must not violate more than certain number of rules set up by UN. If they do so, another 50 years is added. While then, pressure North Korea to: Stop any attempt of creating mass destruct weapons, open up the ports for international trading, and put more effort on to their people, creating better life for the citizens. Reunion of the North and South Korea would never be possible unless the North Korea would turn complete 180degree around with their philosophy,