Essay APUSH Chapter 11 Study Guide

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Chapter 11, The Jeffersonian Republic, 1800–1812

1. “Revolution” of 1800 (pp. 211–215) The election of 1800 was the first between organized political parties and the first of several to be decided on the basis of quirks in the Constitution. Why did Jefferson consider his victory in 1800 over the Federalist John Adams and his own vice-presidential running mate Aaron Burr to be “revolutionary”? What other “revolutionary” aspect of this election is added by the authors on p. 215? (1) Jefferson’s point: Revolutionary because it ended the Federalist rule and led the party into oblivion because Adams was the last Federalists President. Revolutionary also because his election represents a return to what he considered the original spirit of
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Their main motivation was to eliminate the European allies of their Indian opponents and perhaps to annex Canada. A key reason why Indian nations had failed to stop white westward expansion was their internal fighting and inability to unite. Shawnee leader Tecumseh was one of the last to attempt an effective intertribal coalition— with a bit of help from British Canada. In 1811, Gen. William Henry Harrison defeated Tecumseh at the Battle of Thames, in Indiana, thus ending one of the last major Indian coalitions against whites. (Hint to final blank: In 1840, Harrison wins the presidency under the slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler too!”)

c. The New England states, which had initiated the Revolutionary War, were dead set against going after the British a second time. Ironically, it was the agricultural South and West that pushed for war. List the arguments of the War Hawks from the South and West for going to war with Britain in 1812 and the objections advanced by Federalist New York and New England:
FOR WAR (South and West)
• Wanted to remove the menace of the Indians and the only way was to wipe out their Canadian base.
• Were mainly all democratic-republicans.
• Wanted the weakly held Florida in the south.
• Were mainly all federalists.
• Opposed the acquisition of Canada because it would merely add