ACC 561 Final Exam Study Guide Essay

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Multiple Choice Question 49
Which of the following is an advantage of corporations relative to partnerships and sole proprietorships?

Harder to transfer ownership.

Lower taxes.

Most common form of organization.

Reduced legal liability for investors.

Multiple Choice Question 64
The group of users of accounting information charged with achieving the goals of the business is its





Multiple Choice Question 110
Which of the following financial statements is concerned with the company at a point in time?

Balance sheet.

Income statement.

Retained Earnings statement.

Statement of cash flows.

Multiple Choice Question 112
An income statement

presents the revenues and expenses for a specific period of time.

summarizes the changes in retained earnings for a specific period of time.

reports the assets, liabilities, and stockholders’ equity at a specific date.

reports the changes in assets, liabilities, and stockholders’ equity over a period of time.

Multiple Choice Question 118
The most important information needed to determine if companies can pay their current obligations is the

projected net income for next year.

net income for this year.

relationship between current assets and current liabilities.

relationship between short-term and long-term liabilities.

Multiple Choice Question 124
A liquidity ratio measures the

income or operating success of a company over a period of time.

percentage of total financing provided by creditors.

ability of a company to survive over a long period of time.

short-term ability of a company to pay its maturing obligations and to meet unexpected needs for cash.

Multiple Choice Question 165
The convention of consistency refers to consistent use of accounting principles

throughout the accounting periods.

within industries.

among accounting periods.

among firms.
Multiple Choice Question 90
Horizontal analysis is also known as

vertical analysis.

trend analysis.

common size analysis.

linear analysis

Multiple Choice Question 92
Horizontal analysis is a technique for evaluating a series of financial statement data over a period of time

that has been arranged from the highest number to the lowest number.

to determine the amount and/or percentage increase or decrease that has taken place.

to determine which items are in error.

that has been arranged from the lowest number to the highest number.

Multiple Choice Question 111
Vertical analysis is a technique that expresses each item in a financial statement

as a percent of the item in the previous year.

in dollars and cents.

as a percent of a base amount.

starting with the highest value down to the lowest value.

Multiple Choice Question 41
Process costing is used when

production is aimed at filling a specific customer order.

costs are to be assigned to specific jobs.

the production process is continuous.

dissimilar products are involved.

Multiple Choice Question 43
An important feature of a job order cost system is that each job

has its own distinguishing characteristics.

must be similar to previous jobs completed.

consists of one unit of output.

must be completed before a new job is accepted.

Multiple Choice Question 49
In a process cost system, product costs are summarized:

after each unit is produced.

on production cost reports.

when the products are sold.

on job cost sheets.

Multiple Choice Question 33
An activity that has a direct cause-effect relationship with the resources consumed is a(n)

cost pool.

cost driver.

overhead rate.

product activity.

Multiple Choice Question 40
Activity-based costing

accumulates overhead in one cost pool, then assigns the overhead to products and services by means of a cost driver.

allocates overhead directly to products and services based on activity levels.

assigns activity cost pools to products and services, then allocates overhead