2. Whistleblowing is when a person makes allegations to the public or someone in authority about illegal or fraudulent activities. In this case the whistleblower was Shawn O’Brien. Internal whistleblowing is when misconduct is reported within the company. For example, if an employee tells another employee or a superior about misconduct, that is internal. External whistleblowing is the opposite and occurs when someone reports the misconduct to a party that is apart of the company. For example, if employee tells an auditor, government agency, or the police about misconduct, that is external whistleblowing.
I don’t think O’Brien too enough steps to report his concerns. He only reported the misconduct internally, but could have easily reported the misconduct externally. He could have taken his allegations to the Food and Drug Administration directly.
3. Integrity was the thing that motivated O’Brien to act as he did. Integrity is where someone has the courage to do what their character tells them even when others are pressuring you to do otherwise. The six pillars of character, trustworthy, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, and citizenship, could have also motivated him.