Acute Myocardial Infarction Essay

Words: 1233
Pages: 5

Thabet M H Alhaj Hussein
University of Calgary-Qatar
EAPP 180
Simon Heslup,
March 2014

Myocardial infarction is a serious medical emergency need directly intervention and consider one of the major cause of death and disability worldwide. (Lauer, Blackstone, Young, & Topol, 1999 p 618-620‏). It is define as closed in a main coronary artery or one of it’s branches that feed the heart, lead to die or sever damage in heart muscle fibers that supplied by this artery. The death of muscle tissue occurs if the obstruction for more than 15-20 minutes and often permanent damage if the obstruction r for more than 4-6 hours. Heart often leads to death (Thygesen, Alpert, & White, 2007 p 2173-2195
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U.S. Patent No. 4,850,370.) .see #1 Blood testing will help in diagnoses myocardial infarction, blood sample for certain enzymes which is enzymes found in the blood within 6-8 hours or days after a heart attack (Alpert, Thygesen, Jaffe, & White, 2008, p 1335-1341.) The aim of the use of medicines in the treatment of myocardial infarction is to destroy blood clots or prevent their formation, and prevent platelets from sticking of the artery wall, and the stability of the plaque, and prevent further ischemia of the heart muscle (Hubbard, 2003, p 28–29). The treatment should be giving as soon as possible within one to two hours of the start of heart attack to reduce the amount of damage in the heart. (Silber, Albertsson, Avilés, Camici, Colombo, Hamm, & Wijns, 2005,.p 804-847). In acute phase the treatment aim to reduce the chest pain, MONA is one of the famous guideline in treatment which is mean M = Morphine for pain, O= Oxygen, N = sublingual nitroglycerin and A = Aspirin. (Ryan, Antman, Brooks, Califf, Hillis, Hiratzka, & Smith, 1999, p.1016-1030) It is very simple to prevent or reduce the chance to have myocardial infarction just to change the bad habit of taking food by reducing the amount of fat in the diet, take more physical exercise, give up smoking tobacco, that can help to reduce blood cholesterol levels which is the major cause of myocardial infarction which is lead to death