Ralph Waldo Emerson said “concentration is the secret to strength;” the use of a drug, amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, commonly known as Adderall, was created to tap into this strength Emerson spoke of. Those diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have trouble finding that concentration, therefore, the drug Adderall provides them with the opportunity to focus. However, this strength of concentration isn’t yielded without some noted side effects—the debate between Adderall being a secret to strength of concentration or harmful short-term fix that can have long lasting effects is created. One side of the debate feels that Adderall is a break through for the disorder, while the other side thinks it is extremely harmful to ones health; both sides have valid reasons and empirical evidence to support their views. The following paragraphs will divulge into the explanations for each view in hopes to better inform and educate. First, the historical background and description of what Adderall is will lay the groundwork on investigating this debate. Adderall was created in 1996 by Shire Pharmaceuticals to assist patents that suffer from ADHD and also insomnia. ADHD is a condition that involves difficulty paying attention, sitting still, and controlling behavior. These symptoms must be presented before the age of seven and also affect work, school, or social life in a negative way to qualify as ADHD (Monson). Adderall increase the amount of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. These are neurotransmitters, which transmit signals from one section of the brain to the next. That is how your brain makes you think or act in certain ways. According to wordIQ, Adderall is a central nervous system stimulant composed of four amphetamine salts: amphetamine aspartate, amphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, and dextroamphetamine sulfate. These four component salts are metabolized at different rates, making its effects smoother, with softer highs and lows, than those of other treatments for the same disorders. The drug comes in various forms such as instant release tablets, or extended release capsules. Both forms come in different dosages that your doctor prescribes depending on the level of your disorder. Although Adderall sounds like a miracle drug that can treat ADHD and create concentration that many strive for, there are many negative side effects that accompany its use. Research done by the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry shows that 37.1% of the 262 patients tested on reported a side effect of anorexia (loss of appetite). Reports have stated complaints that Adderall caused an upset stomach and nausea. These symptoms can cause weight loss or vomiting. These effects may negate those diagnosed with ADHD to decline Adderall because it makes them feel sick. Adderall has also been known to temporary stunt growth. On a more serious level the medication could make one have suicidal thoughts, seizures, fainting, and depression. Having any of these thoughts or reactions as a child or an adult can be dangerous and detrimental to ones future. Side effects to this serious effect are rare but should not be taken lightly. On a side note, if any of these side effects are experienced personally, consult a health care provider immediately. Furthering the danger of this drug, presently, there is no way for a physician to know whether or not one utilizing Adderall will suffer from any of these side effects. The worst side effect of Adderall is dependence. Prescription drugs can be extremely addictive and if abused, very dangerous. In 2003, approximately 15 million Americans reported using prescription drugs for non-medical reasons at least once during the year (Monson and Schoenstad). This number is continuously growing and Adderall is one of the main prescription drugs being abused. Similar to crystal meth, Adderall is an amphetamine drug, which is also classified as an “upper” or
Study Drugs and College Students
A. Attention Getter: "I reached into my backpack, grabbed an Adderall, and went to the bathroom. I smashed it on the bathroom sink and snorted it. I went back to my class and zipped through the rest of my exam, and it made all the difference." This student incident was found in a 2005 article published by Baylor University on the alarming use of “study drugs.”
B. Thesis: Many of you may be unfamiliar with such a topic,…
Illicit Use of Adderall: A Negative Impact on the College Environment
For years, college students have been looking for a competitive advantage in the classroom. Students have turned to plagiarism, cheat sheets, and some even have access to old-exam databases. The newest way they are gaining an advantage is by taking a medication known as Adderall. This medication gives students increased focus and energy, giving them the upper hand when it comes time to study. While Adderall can be very beneficial…
12% on standardized testing after being diagnosed and prescribed for ADHD. Not only that, but there was an overall 66% improvement in overall performance with dextroamphetamines and amphetamines. Singh also states that bad parenting is not to be blamed for genetic causes of children. She states that parents are not a new concern in the arena of child psychopathology. Instead the category “parents” often serves as a euphemistic cover for accusations against mothers (Singh 580). The article indicates…
March 17, 2013 Instructor Duck
Victimization of Adolescents with ADD
When I was little, every single teacher-parent conference went something like this: Your son is a very capable and smart student but he has a difficult time sitting still and paying attention in class. Instead of my teachers’ trying to find the source of my behavioral issues, they just came up with solutions, like putting me in the corner of the room, that would just segregate me from the rest of my…
Mental Illness Paper: ADHD
Contrary to popular belief ADHD is not a new disorder but rather one that has been long in the making. Records of adhd date back to as far as the early 1800’s. In 1845 Dr. Hoffman, a physician who focused on medical books on psychiatry, wrote unique descriptions about children’s behaviors, such as fidgety Philip. Dr. Hoffman wrote stories for children about children, in doing so he created the first known record of adhd…
Prescription Drug Abuse among Teens
Prescription drug use is the new trend that’s in for teens. The family or friends medicine cabinets have become the corner drug dealer as his/her source for drugs, but the dangers of prescription drug abuse are just as real as those for illegal drugs. The latest statistics from the partnership for a Drug-Free America on teen prescription drug abuse are very…
like cancer and other issues.
More parents need to talk with their teens about the dangers of abusing Ritalin, Adderall and other prescription drugs, suggests a new study that finds discouraging trends on kids and drug use.
When teens were asked about the last substance abuse conversation they had with their parents, just 14 percent said they talked about abusing a prescription drug, said the report released Tuesday by The Partnership at Drugfree.org.
"For parents, it really comes down to not…
“This is your brain. This is your brain on drugs.” Those words were used in an anti-drug
campaign which exhibited an egg being fried in a skillet. The message was mostly for young
people to warn them of the effects of illicit drugs on the brain. This was a fairly accurate
demonstration of the harmful effects that drugs, including alcohol, nicotine and cocaine can have
on a developing brain.
Adolescence is a time of important…
ADHD Medications and Today’s Youth
Saturday, December 20, 2014
COLUMBIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY
In Fulfillment Of Course Requirements For EH1020
This research paper examines the effects of Attention Deficient Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) medications in young children and the consequences of taking the medications for extended periods of time. Many children are diagnosed with ADHD and are given medicine to help themselves, however, there are many long-term…
focuses and never stays on task, many studies support the fact alternative treatments can be just as effective.
Stimulants are the most common treatment for ADHD in children and adolescents. They include Ritalin, Metadate, Concerta, or amphetamines, and Adderall. Surprisingly, non-pharmacological approaches are also controversial, especially among the medical community. "If you read the professional guidelines for psychiatrists or sometimes pediatricians, the treatment that is emphasized for kids…