Adoption: Public Speaking and Main Points Essay

Submitted By karina409
Words: 1572
Pages: 7

1. Dyadic communication | Happens between two people. (Like a conversation) | 2. Small group communication | Involves a small number of people who can see and speak directly with one another. | 3. Mass communication | Occurs between a speaker and a larger audience of unknown people who usually are not present with the speaker. | 4. Public speaking | A speaker delivers a message with a specific purpose to an audience of people who are present during the delivery of the speech. | 5. Source (or Sender) | Is the person who creates a message | 6. Encoding | The process of converting thoughts into words. | 7. Receiver | (Audience) The recipient of the sources message. | 8. Decoding | The process of interpreting the message. | 9. Feedback | The audiences response to a message, can be conveyed both verbally and non verbally. | 10. Message | The content of the communication process: thoughts and ideas put into meaningful expressions, expressed verbally and non verbally | 11. Channel | The medium through which the speaker sends a message. | 12. Noise | Any interference with the message | 13. Shared meaning | Is the mutual understanding of a message between speaker and audience. | 14. Context | Includes anything that influences the speaker, the audience, the occasion and the speech. | 15. Rhetorical situation | A circumstance calling for a public response. | 16. Rhetoric (oratory) | Originally the practice of giving speeches. | 17. Aristotle | 384-322 B.C.E. public speaker. Divided a process of preparing a speech into five parts called Canons of Rhetoric. | 18. Invention | Refers to adapting speech information to the audience in order to make your case. | 19. Arrangement | Organizing the speech in ways best suited to the topic and audiences. | 20. Style | The way the speaker uses language to express the speech ideas. | 21. Memory and Delivery | The methods of rehearsing and presenting the speech so that you achieve the most effective blend of content, voice, and non-verbal behavior. | 22. Informative speech | Provides an audience with new information, new sights, or new ways of thinking about a topic. | 23. Persuasive speech | Intends to influence the attitudes, beliefs, values, or acts of others. | 24. Organize your speech around 2 or 3 main points. | Introduction, Body, and Conclusion. | 25. Introduction | * Arouse the audience’s attention with a quotation, short story, example, or other kind of attention-getting device. * Introduce the topic and purpose of the speech. * Preview the main points. * Use transition to signal the start of the speech body. | 26. Body | * Clearly state the thesis. * Develop the main points using a structure that suits the topic, audience, and occasion. * Use transition to signal the conclusion. | 27. Conclusion | * Restate the thesis and reiterate how the main points confirm it. * Leave the audience with something to think about or challenge the to respond. * Be prepared to answer questions. | 28. Public speaking anxiety | Fear or anxiety associated with either actual or anticipated communication to and audience as a speaker. | 29. Visualization | A highly effective way to reduce nervousness. | 30. Ethos | Character. | 31. Speaker credibility | Reveals that people place their greatest trust into speakers who: * Have a solid grasp of the subject * Display sound reasoning skills. * Are honest and unmanipulative. * Are genuinely interested in the welfare of the listeners. | 32. Dignity | Refers to ensuring that listeners feel worthy, honored, or respected as individuals. | 33. Integrity | Signals the speaker’s incorruptibility that he or she will