Critics of aesthetic surgery promote the notion that aesthetic surgery does not address and individuals poor body image being the result of an emotional or psychological disorder such as Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and therefore cannot provide the answer to their poor body image. Prospective aesthetic surgery patients suffering from emotional or psychological disorders can often dismiss possible dangers and side effects caused by aesthetic surgery such as death or infection. A patient suffering from disorders such as body dysmorphic disorder, polysurgical addiction or a personality disorder will not benefit from aesthetic surgery and will not see an improvement to their poor body image. In most cases, patients presenting with these symptoms require psychological help, no aesthetic surgery as treatment for their poor body image. With this said, aesthetic surgery is not the answer for patients suffering from emotional or psychological disorders.
While it is conceded that aesthetic surgery does not result in an improvement to a person’s body image who suffers from an emotional or psychological disorder, numerous studies conducted over the past ten years in Australia, Europe and the United States show that aesthetic surgery is the answer to a person’s negative perception of their body as the surgery addresses a specific problem area that causes the poor body image and rectifies it. Three common types of aesthetic surgery procedures undergone to improve a poor body image are abdominoplasty, commonly referred to as a ‘tummy tuck’, breast augmentation which is enlargement of the breasts and rhinoplasty, also known as a ‘nose job’.In a study conducted by the Department of Plastic Surgery of the Innsbruck Medical University Hospital and the Department of Plastic Surgery of the Linz Hospital of Sisters of mercy, aimed at determining whether abdominoplasty had a psychosocial aftermath, a convincing increase in an improvement to body image was reported. The subjects in this study were overweight people who had undergone major weight loss either by dieting or by gastric banding. As a result of the weight loss, they were left with undesirable skin flaps distributed around the body, more noticeably in the abdomen area. The study