On Good Friday in 1963, 53 blacks, led by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., marched into downtown Birmingham to protest the existing segregation laws. All were arrested. This caused the clergymen of this Southern town to compose a letter appealing to the black population to stop their demonstrations. This letter appeared in the Birmingham Newspaper. In response, Martin Luther King drafted a document that would mark the turning point of the Civil Rights movement and provide enduring inspiration to the struggle for racial equality. Martin Luther King's “Letter from Birmingham Jail” strives to justify the desperate need for nonviolent direct action, the absolute immorality of unjust laws together with what a just law is, as well as, the increasing probability of the “Negro” resorting to extreme disorder and bloodshed, in addition to his utter disappointment with the Church who, in his opinion, had not lived up to their responsibilities as people of God. King's justification to the eight clergymen for protesting segregation begins with a profound explanation of their actions, “Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue”. The actions of the African American people are overdue and very well planned as King had explained in the letter. Their quest was to force the white politicians to negotiate and actually heed the requests for desegregation. As King explains, “past promises have been broken by the politicians and merchants of Birmingham and now is the time to fulfill the natural right of all people to be treated equal”. Violence is not what King wants, he simply wants unjust laws to change and the Supreme Courts 1954 ruling to be upheld. Secondly, King’s answer to the clergymen's assertion that breaking the law is not the way to achieve the results the African American is looking for. “Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that, an unjust law is no law at all”. King does not feel that they have broken the law, his definitive answer to the clergymen is that a law that is not morally sound is not a law. Laws are made to protect the people not degrade and punish. As far as King is concerned, the African American will continue to do whatever is necessary, preferably non-violently, to obtain the legal and moral right that is theirs. If they are not allowed this peaceful expression of the needs they so desire, it could lead to a much uglier action. Dr. King expressed his concern that if something is not done with…
mentioned in “
I Have a Dream”
by Martin Luther King. Both works contribute to the same idea
that life for Black Americans were very different than those of White Americans. Lorraine
A Raisin in the Sun
, and Martin Luther King’s, “
I Have a Dream”
similar ideas that colored people are in poor financial economic conditions, facing inequality,
and having issues with moral and ethics that portray how society views African Americans.
The first similar idea in bot…
individual in contribution the civil rights movement?
Malcolm X’s contribution to the civil rights movement arguably make him the key individual, one particular input being “His most far-reaching impact was among the masses of African-Americans in the ghettos of American cities.” . His main priority was to increase black consciousness a concept highly influenced by the idea introduced by Marcus Garvey in the early twentieth century. As Marcus Garvey stated “The Black skin is not a badge of shame…
FROM A BIRMINGHAM JAIL'
MY PERSONAL RESPONSE LETTER!
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter From Birmingham Jail” is a poignant look into the reality of racial inequality in 1960s America. King writes this letter to fellow clergy men and aims to address their concerns regarding the wisdom and timing of the nonviolent direct-action demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama that King and other leaders orchestrated and carried out in 1963. King employs all three types of appeals; however, I find I am particularly…
There are many ways a person can impose another but one kind every human should know is through cruel and unjust treatment. During the 1900s Blacks, African Americans, Negros what they were called were ruled over whites. African Americans were mistrusted, criticized, and trotted, went through life everyday like it was their last. African Americans lived in America “the land of the free, and justice for all” but it wasn’t that to them they living through a time where there was no justice there was…
human qualities. Realistically though, a hero can be a regular individual who stands out for what is right even though they struggle with their own personal limitations while they do not qualify themselves as heroes. Both, Ender Wigging and Martin Luther King portray the characteristics of regular individual, standing for what is right as well as dealing with their own personal issues both physically and psychologically.
Ender’s Game is a fictional book written by Scott Carter, which the main…
Martin Luther king changed history on all for the African American's but for colored people meaning tanned people, Spanish, black, brown and any colored skin tone.It's not what Martin Luther King did for just African Americans but what he did for ALL Americans that is significant.
Fifty years ago, America was run mostly by white Protestant males and all others were to one degree or another less than fully enfranchised in many ways. We now have many examples of people from backgrounds of all races…
HIS 204-American History Since 1865
Instructor: Debbie Cassetta
March 25, 2013
We need to appreciate and cherish the freedom and rights that we experience in society today. When we look back in history, we are reminded of the sacrifices that were made by a nation and a race to obtain equality. African Americans were first brought to America in chains in 1619 by the Europeans. African Americans have endured a very long journey into finally…
How Religion effected Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcom X in the civil rights movement in the l960s and 70s?
Martin Luther king was a Christian minister who was influenced mainly by Christianity. He was influenced a lot by Jesus Christ and the Christian gospel in which he would almost always quote in his religious meetings and speeches at church. Religion inspire Martin Luther King to change and help everyone understand that we are all God's children, no matter what race or color we are…
Black and White Lies: the American blemish
America’s history has been blemished by racial discrimination. The act of treating someone with hostility because of their skin or racial background has hindered this country as many others for centuries now. Even though this was a very feat I feel it was necessity for our culture to evolve and aim for a better tomorrow.
I know why the caged bird sings was an autobiography written by Maya Angelou in the early 1900's. This story is about mya's life…