African Bush Elephant Research Paper

Words: 731
Pages: 3

Eliany Mendoza
Zoology Extra-credit

African Bush Elephant
Full taxonomic classification:
• Kingdom Animalia o Phylum Chordata
 Subphylum Vertebrata
• Class Mammalia o Subclass Theria
 Order Proboscidea
• Family Elephantidae o Genus: Loxodonta
 Species: Loxodonta Africana

African Bush Elephant is also known as the African savanna elephant, this the largest terrestrial creature on land today. Some individuals weight up to 13,000 pounds and live up to 70 years! African bush elephant can reach up to 24 feet in length and 13 feet in height. (The Nature Conservancy, n.d.) The African Bush elephant are most commonly found on the savannas of central Africa and southern Africa, including, Kenya, Tanzania, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Angola.
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When rainy season arrives, usually October to December and March to June, elephants return to their native region. The African Elephant are endotherms, the majority of the heat energy is used to maintain their high body temperature. (The African Elephant, n.d.) Being endotherms allows them to live in colder regions where the sun is less available to warm their bodies. (Colbert, 1993) However, being an endotherm, has its disadvantage, for example; elephants need to spend the majority of the day eating in order to maintain their body temperature due to all the energy being consumed to maintain their body …show more content…
The courtship between a male and a female elephant is relatively short. Female usually approach a bull and will perform an estrous walk. This walk is characterized by holding their head held high and frequently looking over their shoulder. During this time, they will also vocalize to allows bulls to locate the female. (The African Elephant, n.d.) Competition for mates is settled by bulls through a trial of strength, such as pushing, tusking, wrestling and ramming. Males assesses a female’s reproductive status by testing her urine for hormones. They pick up chemical information through the trunk, blown into the roof of the mouth and then to the Jacobson’s organ. Males leave the heard when they reach adolescence and form heard with other elephants of the same age. (The Nature Conservancy,