The use of irrigation in ancient times has affected the way we grow crops today. Irrigation has been used for many centuries to get the water from a river to the crops. Today, we also use this way of watering crops. With the use of irrigation crops are able to be grown in larger amounts. In Sandra Postel’s article “Growing more Food with less Water” uses facts to explain how the use of irrigation is very effective in growing more food. The quote “Most of these people live in Asia and Africa, where long dry seasons make crop production difficult or impossible without irrigation” shows that many countries depend on irrigation to survive. (Postel 7) In many countries they depend on rivers to get the water they need to the crops. Since there isn’t much rain in countries like Asia Africa they need any form of irrigation they can use. It is important for these countries survival that they use irrigation. Many irrigation systems are very expensive so many farmers in poorer countries cannot afford them. Recently, a new machine has been created which is very inexpensive and farmers can afford the new irrigation machine. “Over the next quarter of a century the number of people living in water-stressed countries will climb from 500 million to three billion. New technologies can help farmers around the world supply food for the growing population…” This quote shows how new irrigation technology can help farmers have a surplus in crops. (Postel 8) New, cheap, irrigation methods have provided farmers with the technology necessary to grow and water crops. New irrigation methods have helped farmers provide markets with crops which increased their income. The quote “Fields are flooded or water is…
of new inventions. Water irrigation techniques begin to redefine the world from gathering to farming crops. Honing these techniques made it possible to produce a surplus of crops, which led to governing and barter systems. What we have come to know today as civilizations are from the works of our forefathers.
In Mesopotamia the climate is either very hot or very cold with inadequate rainfall and irregular flooding, this was not the ideal location to develop agriculture. As the population increased…
well as elite groups. Early agriculture also had an impact on land ownership and irrigation where there was a greater investment in land ownership. There were organizations of irrigation systems that required cooperation and resulted from elites developing when individuals took control of irrigation. Many early civilizations developed along rivers with extensive Neolithic irrigation systems.
An example from the old world is pastorialism. It is a form of agriculture where people are dependent on…
depended on agriculture and trade.they traded with each other and had boats.because they had a civilization close to the river they may have conflicts with other settlers who may have wanted that specific spot close to that river.they had a lot of resources being close to the river for instance they would never run out of water and it would be easy to water their crops.
both of the civilization had religious hymns for ceremonies prayer, pottery, and rituals were common in both. irrigation system writing…
of Sudan and they continue together as Nile proper until meeting the Mediterranean Sea and forming the Nile delta in northern Egypt.
Around 5000 BC, one of the first great civilizations developed in the northern Nile river valley dependent on agriculture in a land called Egypt. Water; Fertile soil; and river's flow north while prevailing wind blows south made the Nile the best transportation way, were examples of the Nile gifts. Another gift is that every year the flood came bringing disaster and…
semi-arid regions. It is one of the largest available resources of freshwater and it is estimated that 30% of global freshwater are in the form of groundwater. It is an essential part of the hydrological cycle and very valuable natural resource for agriculture, domestic and industrial use. Its effect on Earth as a whole can be measured by its economic development growth, availability of portable water supplies and the capacity to balance the swings in precipitation when there are increases in demand…
Climate Change, Water, and Agriculture
A Special Focus on California
Water affects every area of life, and given the ever-decreasing water resources, due to many factors including climate change, it is important to conserve water. This has many implications, including socio-economic implications. An example of the impact is on agricultural production, and as such food production. Hence, the goal of this paper is to point out, as shown clearly in various…
important achievements, referred to as the Neolithic Revolution:
Domestication of animals
Polished stone tools
Pottery and woven cloth
Agriculture and domestication of animals revolutionized life, as farmers altered their environment and established permanent settlements
Changes that came with the Neolithic transition to agriculture include:
New food surplus freed people to specialize in certain skills
Trade was fostered, sometimes across long distances
Awareness of private property…
Agriculture In India – Introduction
Agriculture has been an integral part of the Indian Economy, before and after Independence, despite its decline in share of GDP (17.2% as of 2011). Half of India’s population depends on Agriculture as a livelihood. India is 2nd in farm output. It the largest producer of coriander, spices, millets and many more; second in fruits such as mangoes and papaya; and third in rapeseed, tomatoes and coconuts. Yet 1/3rd of Indian population is under poverty line.
Oceania and Eastern Asia. In China, agriculture was independently discovered, without the assistance of neighbors. The Earliest evidence of farming in Eastern Asia were grains and rice, cultivated circa 7000 BCE. In the same time frame, agriculture was also discovered in Papua New Guinea. Yams and Taro, a tropical asian plant, were cultivated on the island also around 7000 BCE (Christian 26). This means that both civilizations simultaneously stumbled into agriculture independently, without being contacted…
Food and Ag Study Guide
Test Date: TBD
Chapters Covered: 9 & 10
For each of the following topics, you should know what they are and be able to explain how they relate to the food and agriculture unit. For your study guide, either create an outline, note cards or rephrase each as a question and answer it.
1. Feeding a Growing Population
a. Human nutritional requirements
b. Malnourished vs. Undernourished vs. Overnourished
c. Nutritional diseases and symptoms (Maramus, Kwashiorkor)