Alcohol is one of the most widely used drugs that is viewed acceptable by most, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t dangerous. This drug has been a problem since prohibition from 1920-1933, and still causes many problems for people today, if not more. These problems include family problems, health issues, and addiction. Even though this drug is seen as “acceptable” to society, everyone should think carefully before indulging in alcohol related activities. Drinking alcohol comes with both short and long term effects on an individual and their body. After one beer the short term effects start, even if somebody doesn’t notice them right away. After a night of drinking more and more, those short term effects will heighten. The most common effects include vomiting, slurred speech, impaired judgment, and decreased perception and coordination. If somebody drinks for a long time, say every day, then the long term effects come into play. These effects take more of a toll on the body of the drinker. The effects include liver disease, permanent damage to the brain, ulcers, and heart related problems. All of the long term effects can build lifelong problems for a heavy drinker, and these effects are also the outcome to a chronic disease caused by drinking, called alcoholism. Alcoholism is a chronic disease of physical dependence to alcohol where the user drinks through all their health problems, physical and mental. For alcoholics, alcohol completely controls all of their relationships and other aspects of their lives. There’s also alcohol abuse, but this does not include physical dependence to alcohol. The transition from alcohol abuse to alcoholism is sometimes unnoticeable, because people will become alcoholics due to their increased tolerance to alcohol. There is a lot controversy debated on whether alcohol is actually a disease or not. A lot of physicians will say it is not because the actual definition of alcoholism is not a medical one, and is perceived as just a personal weakness. However, some physicians will treat alcoholism as an actual disease. My father who is a physician of family practice stated this, “Alcoholism may not be a disease such as cancer or diabetes, but it is still a disease nonetheless. I may classify it as a psychological disease.” Other physicians would agree to this as well. Even though it is also a personal weakness, a person feels they NEED alcohol to get through the day and that they need to keep drinking. This is all coming from the person’s not well state of mind. If a person were to go through withdrawal symptoms, the most common ones are not physical withdrawal, and more psychological like depression or anxiety. That shows that this is not a physical addiction, but a psychological one. Overcoming alcoholism is a very hard thing to do. Because this could be classified as a mental disease, a person would have to want to stop drinking or the treatment would not work. The treatment for alcoholism is a pretty simple process, with the goals being to lower withdrawal symptoms from users, and get them to therapy to stop drinking altogether. Users that have moderate to severe withdrawal symptoms may receive inpatient treatment in a hospital or rehabilitation center. With this, the patients are watched closely for their withdrawal symptoms. On the other hand, people with mild to moderate withdrawal symptoms would get outpatient treatment. Outpatients have to live in a sober environment and meet up with a health care provider until they are stable, also having to attend AA (alcoholics anonymous) meetings on a regular basis. Alcoholics have a huge effect on their society and families. A family that has an alcoholic in it has a lot of hardships, especially if there are small children in the family. The family altogether will sometimes try to hide the problem going on in their family, feeling embarrassed. Hiding the problem leads to dysfunctional family roles for every
ALCOHOLISM, WHAT’S THAT?
• prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms
• The term "alcoholism" was first used in 1849 by the Swedish physician Magnus Huss to describe the systematic adverse effects of alcohol
WHAT ARE SOME CAUSES OF ALCOHOLISM?
Drinking steadily and consistently…
Question: Is alcoholism a mental disease?
Answer: Yes, alcoholism is a behavioral disorder and is so classified in the diagnostic manual of mental disorders. In this sense, it is a mental illness vs. a physical sickness.
- See more at: http://www.bettyfordcenter.org/treatment/doctors-office/is-alcoholism-a-mental-disease.php#sthash.HsYKt6QD.dpuf
Question: How many people who are alcoholic have a mental disorder? Answer: Alcoholism is a mental or behavioral disorder so I would say all of them. A…
Alcohol Abuse Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder
City College of the City University of New York
Psychology of Prevention Science, PSY 363
Submitted to: Prof. L. E. Elcock, MA
May 9, 2010
“Alcohol doesn't console, it doesn't fill up anyone's psychological gaps, all it replaces is the lack of God.”
- Marguerite Duras
“Everybody needs a way out of that pain. Many people choose drugs and alcohol. Some people obsessively exercise or develop strange…
problems. Alcoholism is especially costly to the disordered individual as well as to society. It creates an enormous toll through alcohol caused accidents (E.g.: Automobile accidents), disruption of family life, facilitation of violence in certain individuals, and inefficiency and loss of businesses (and work/employment in general). Addictive behavior is behavior based on the pathological need for a substance or activity. It may involve the abuse of substances such as nicotine, alcohol, or cocaine…
outs (Brown & Murry, 2009). Basically researchers are saying that kids that grow up in a bad environment or are around peers that are a bad influence will become addicted to drugs. Young adolescents with temperamental characteristics, such as high activity level and emotional intensity that render them vulnerable to substance use becomes less likely to use if their family environments provide instrumental and emotional support (Brody & McCoy, 1998). A lot of kids that become users, become users because…
The results were immediate, drunk driving crashes and alcohol-related fatalities increased significantly in those states1. Since that time, the 21 drinking age law has saved about 900 lives per year as estimated by the National Traffic Highway Administration2.
There are a lot of kids now a day that drink before they turn 21. By the time kids reach the 8th grade, nearly half of all adolescents have had at least one drink. Underage alcohol use is more likely to kill young people than all illegal…
homicide, and suicide) among persons aged 12 to 20 years” (76). Alcohol is already restricted to people under the age of 21, but minors still seem to get their hands on it. It is one of the leading causes of deaths for minors, which proves if it was legal to 18 year old that statistic would tremendously increase.
Lowering the drinking age to 18 could potentially cause more crimes and deaths to occur among persons aged 12 to 20 years. Alcohol is restricted from people under the age of 21 because of its…
Access to alcohol for those not yet of age has become increasingly prevalent in the United States. The 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health estimates there are 10.1 million underage
drinkers in the United States. It takes teens less time to become dependent on alcohol than it would take an adult to become dependent, which increases their vulnerability. The younger the
teenagers and the more often they drink, the more likely they are to engage in substance use and the higher their risk…
will identify the differences between psychological and physical dependence. More over it will provide a brief summary of the classifications of psychoactive drugs. Further, we will briefly explore the role that alcohol plays in our culture and how when classified as a psychoactive drug alcohol is more acceptable than other psychoactive drugs, despite its propensity to psychological dependence.
According to Santrock (575), psychological dependence occurs when a person is preoccupied with obtaining…