Alcohol should be prohibited in the United Kingdom. The drug alcohol, to be specific ethanol or ethyl alcohol, a chemical substance found in beer, wine, and spirits is a central nervous system depressant with a range of side-effects. Cell membranes are highly permeable to alcohol, so once alcohol is in the bloodstream it can diffuse into nearly every biological tissue of the body. (WHO, 2010). This essay will give three reasons why Alcohol should be prohibited in the UK namely that its misuse is a cause of chronic liver disease, it is detrimental to mental health and that it would save the NHS billions of pounds. Boffetta (2006) found that the liver metabolises ethanol in alcoholic beverages to acetaldehyde, which is a toxic chemical and a human carcinogen; he showed that acetaldehyde damages both cell DNA and proteins. Parkin et al. (2011) concluded that around 5% of cancers in the UK are linked to alcohol consumption. Drinking 100 g/day has a 4-6-fold increased risk of chronic liver cancers compared to non-drinkers (Boffetta 2006). Jarman et al. (2007) backed the argument for a prohibition by estimating that it takes up to 16 years for the risk of these cancers in a former drinker to fall to the level of someone who has never consumed alcohol. Scotland is experiencing one of the fastest growing rates of chronic liver disease mortality in the world. In the 2007 annual report, (Scottish Government, 2007), the chief medical officer warned that liver Cirrhosis deaths more than doubled over the period between 1987 and 2001 in Scotland alone, and are now among the highest in Western Europe. Recent rises are predominantly due to alcohol misuse. A prohibition would be the urgent and radical action needed to reduce the increase in chronic liver disease in the UK. Another reason for a prohibition is that the National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse (2013), who estimate 1.6 million problem drinkers in England, have calculated the cost to the NHS of excessive alcohol consumption, to be £3.5 billion a year coupled with a further £91 million on the causes and treatment. A report commissioned by the Royal College of Physicians (2011) supports the notion for a prohibition as it may reduce 38,900 fewer alcohol-related admissions to hospital and cut alcohol-related deaths by 1,149 per year - driven chiefly by a reduction in behavioural problems, chronic liver disease, and alcohol poisoning. The third reason in favour for a prohibition is that alcohol has numerous detrimental effects on the mental health of drinkers. Singleton (2011) showed how alcohol affects the brain with varying mental health side effects resulting from excessive drinking and that long term use is linked to a range of issues from depression and memory loss to suicide. Heavy and regular drinkers are likely to develop some symptoms of depression. Regular drinking lowers the levels of serotonin in your brain – a chemical that helps to regulate your mood. (Mind, 2013). Singleton et al. (2011) also confirmed that in the UK people who experience anxiety or depression are twice as likely to be heavy or problem drinkers. To summarise, this essay has put forward three reasons for a prohibition of alcohol in the UK. Firstly, to reduce the increase in chronic liver disease predominately due excessive drinking. Secondly to avoid the detrimental effect alcohol has to the mental health of drinkers. Finally the third reason is that it would cut deaths and hospital admissions and save the NHS £3.5 billion in treatment costs related to excessive alcohol consumption.
Boffetta P, Hashibe M. (2006) Alcohol and cancer. Lancet Oncology, 7(2).p.149-56.
Campbell, A. (2013) Britain has
Should the Alcohol code of advertising be made tougher?
Drinking alcohol plays a big part of being an Australian, but how do you know when the part becomes too big? Drinking is very popular for young adults but now it is becoming more frequent for high school students to be consuming significant amounts. The Australian Drug foundation found that Australian teenagers are drinking less often, but consuming more alcohol at one session.
Recent research has established that fruit-flavoured alcoholic…
Drinking Age in America: No Change Necessary
The debate of whether or not the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) is appropriate in the United States is a constant battle. There are many beliefs that when a person turns 18 they should be able to legally consume and purchase alcohol since they are officially considered an adult. While someone may be considered an adult legally, that does not attest to maturity level or safety of the individual. The issues of safety, maturity, and the development of the…
* Special Locations
* Differences between Personal licence and Premises Licence UK/NZ
* DPS – (Designated Premises Supervisor)
* Procedures for Licence applications UK/NZ
* Usability of guidelines on the conduct of licenced premises for use of staff
* Policy for legislation in relation to alcohol measures/ weights
Hospitality Managers Guide to Licencing Legislation
This licence authorises you to sell,…
Copello · M. Birchwood · K. Mueser · D. McGovern · G. Georgiou
Drug and alcohol problems amongst individuals with severe
mental health problems in an inner city area of the UK
Accepted: 17 May 2001
s Abstract Background: The extent and impact of drug
and alcohol use among those with severe mental health
problems has been well documented in the US. However,
little is known of the nature of this problem in the UK,
particularly in community treatment settings. This paper outlines findings…
to supply and possess drugs controlled under the Act. In these Regulations, drugs are categorised under five schedules: Schedule 1 includes drugs such as cannabis that are not, conventionally, used for medical purposes. Possession and supply are prohibited without specific Home Office approval. Schedule 2 includes morphine and diamorphine and are subject to special requirements relating to their prescription, safe custody and the need to maintain registers. Schedule 3 includes barbiturates and are…
brewing company will be analyzed in terms of strength and weakness.
The beer industry has been in the existence for as long as the barley have been harvested and used for the making of the beer. The drink is mixed with alcohol in order to give it tantalizing taste with addictive quality. The beer is used as an everyday drink by many around the world and it by creating a taste and demand in the market. It probably will not be controversial, if argued that it is in the top…
Deeply conservative Muslim culture
Women must wear the abaya in public and cannot drive
No western style entertainment / Not much sport
Everything closes for prayers so most social activity happens at night, including shopping
In Saudi Arabia it’s really hard to collected primary data during marketing research to find out consumers needs and wants about particular products and service as Door to door interviewing illegal there, Females reluctant to discuss purchasing…
advertising on the internet, in schools, magazines, television and outdoors. When advertising is so ubiquitous, it is impossible to assume that a child is not influenced. For this very reason, several European countries have prohibited or restricted advertising to children, “in the UK, restrictions exist on ads that 'might result in harm to children physically, mentally or morally' and on ads employing methods that 'take advantage of the natural credulity and sense of loyalty of children” (Peace Pledge…
in drug or alcohol abuse or suffering from mental illness. Anyone applying to work in a school has their name checked against this list by the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA). (ISA was formed after the Bichard Inquiry into the ‘Soham Murders’ where two young girls were abducted and killed by the school care taker, who was known to the police as a danger to children, but who had passed a CRB check) It is important to note that List 99 only contains the details of those prohibited from working…
in the heart’s pumping capacity (see figure, Red Bull, 2010).
Endurance time at the individual maximum intensity level
Source: Red Bull, 2010:8
There is numerous evidence proving that Red Bull truly increases performance. Thus, this should be the reason why student athletes consume it. In addition, some group members undertook the experience of running drinking Red Bull, and drinking a placebo. We could not see any differences, though those consuming Red Bull felt more energetic. However…