Alcohol should be prohibited in the United Kingdom. The drug alcohol, to be specific ethanol or ethyl alcohol, a chemical substance found in beer, wine, and spirits is a central nervous system depressant with a range of side-effects. Cell membranes are highly permeable to alcohol, so once alcohol is in the bloodstream it can diffuse into nearly every biological tissue of the body. (WHO, 2010). This essay will give three reasons why Alcohol should be prohibited in the UK namely that its misuse is a cause of chronic liver disease, it is detrimental to mental health and that it would save the NHS billions of pounds. Boffetta (2006) found that the liver metabolises ethanol in alcoholic beverages to acetaldehyde, which is a toxic chemical and a human carcinogen; he showed that acetaldehyde damages both cell DNA and proteins. Parkin et al. (2011) concluded that around 5% of cancers in the UK are linked to alcohol consumption. Drinking 100 g/day has a 4-6-fold increased risk of chronic liver cancers compared to non-drinkers (Boffetta 2006). Jarman et al. (2007) backed the argument for a prohibition by estimating that it takes up to 16 years for the risk of these cancers in a former drinker to fall to the level of someone who has never consumed alcohol. Scotland is experiencing one of the fastest growing rates of chronic liver disease mortality in the world. In the 2007 annual report, (Scottish Government, 2007), the chief medical officer warned that liver Cirrhosis deaths more than doubled over the period between 1987 and 2001 in Scotland alone, and are now among the highest in Western Europe. Recent rises are predominantly due to alcohol misuse. A prohibition would be the urgent and radical action needed to reduce the increase in chronic liver disease in the UK. Another reason for a prohibition is that the National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse (2013), who estimate 1.6 million problem drinkers in England, have calculated the cost to the NHS of excessive alcohol consumption, to be £3.5 billion a year coupled with a further £91 million on the causes and treatment. A report commissioned by the Royal College of Physicians (2011) supports the notion for a prohibition as it may reduce 38,900 fewer alcohol-related admissions to hospital and cut alcohol-related deaths by 1,149 per year - driven chiefly by a reduction in behavioural problems, chronic liver disease, and alcohol poisoning. The third reason in favour for a prohibition is that alcohol has numerous detrimental effects on the mental health of drinkers. Singleton (2011) showed how alcohol affects the brain with varying mental health side effects resulting from excessive drinking and that long term use is linked to a range of issues from depression and memory loss to suicide. Heavy and regular drinkers are likely to develop some symptoms of depression. Regular drinking lowers the levels of serotonin in your brain – a chemical that helps to regulate your mood. (Mind, 2013). Singleton et al. (2011) also confirmed that in the UK people who experience anxiety or depression are twice as likely to be heavy or problem drinkers. To summarise, this essay has put forward three reasons for a prohibition of alcohol in the UK. Firstly, to reduce the increase in chronic liver disease predominately due excessive drinking. Secondly to avoid the detrimental effect alcohol has to the mental health of drinkers. Finally the third reason is that it would cut deaths and hospital admissions and save the NHS £3.5 billion in treatment costs related to excessive alcohol consumption.
Boffetta P, Hashibe M. (2006) Alcohol and cancer. Lancet Oncology, 7(2).p.149-56.
Campbell, A. (2013) Britain has…
Excessive alcohol consumption is linked to numerous societal and health issues. Approximately 76.3 million people subjected to alcohol-related disorders around the world (World Health Organisation, 2006) with 20% to 50% of cases of cirrhosis of the liver, epilepsy, poisonings, road traffic accidents and violence being attributable to alcohol (World Health Organisation, 2011). Alcoholic beverages have also been identified as carcinogenic and those who binge drink have been found to have significantly…
Alcohol Education in Schools
Student Number – 1001012
Tutor Name – Dr. Alcolado
Institution – Royal Glamorgan Hospital
Word Count – 1581
Objective – To develop an interactive teaching session for 13-14 year old students concerning the issues surrounding alcohol
Method – A 30 minute teaching session was conducted at 3 different schools covering the social, health and legal aspects of alcohol awareness.
Results – Positive feedback was achieved in all…
immigrants should be restricted. Hatton (2005) asserts that there was a total increase of 113 thousand of the annual net immigration from the early 1970s to the late 1990s, and net immigration soared by more than 100 thousand per year from the trough in 1991-1993 to the peak of 1998-2000. However, according to the last UK Border Agency annual report (2013), net migration reduced from 242,000 during 2011-2012 to 153,000 by 37 per cent during 2012-2013. Following this trend, should the UK government…
This regulation provides comprehensive alcohol and drug abuse prevention and control policies, procedures, and
responsibilities for Soldiers of all components, Army civilian corps members, and other personnel eligible for Army
Substance Abuse Program (ASAP) services.
a. The consumption of alcohol is a personal decision made by individuals. Individuals who choose not to consume
WHAT SHOULD WE DO ABOUT ROBERT MUGABE? EVALUATE ZIMBABWE IN THE CONTEXT OF UK SECURITY POLICY.
BRIEF HISTORY 1890 – PRESENT
1. In 1890, British imperialist and colonizer Cecil Rhodes (1890 – 1902)1 and his British South Africa Company (BSAC) conquered a large portion of Southern Africa and had the region named after himself. Northern Rhodesia (modern Zambia) and Southern Rhodesia (modern Zimbabwe) came under British control.
In 1923, after a referendum which rejected union with South…
Over consumption of alcohol is the third leading cause of avoidable deaths in America today. Drinking alcohol, including underage, is bad for a plethora of reasons. Those reasons include: health effects, future effects, and law effects. Also this university (Marywood) has its own procedures and rules for issues involving alcohol.
Alcohol consumption has both positive and negative effects on the human body. Studies have shown that drinking alcohol in moderation increases your good cholesterol.…
By using referendums more frequently in the UK we would see many advantages and disadvantages. For example, they are a perfect example of direct democracy in modern society. Other arguments for referendums include, allowing the government to consult the public out of general election time and that referendums provide a single clear answer to one specific question. Arguments against include the great cost incurred through referendums, the eroding of parliamentary sovereignty and they do not give…
population consumes around 165 million cups a day (UK Tea Council).
This statistic for the UK population might change as prices of a cup of tea (at the retail level) is increasing due to many factors (Price of a cup of Tea to rise as demand soars, 2011). Supply and demand for a product play a major role in indicating the price; however, there are other determinants that also contribute towards the pricing of a product (Nellis & Parker, 2006). As a result the UK market will witness fluctuating prices for…
October 30, 2014
Should the Drinking Age Be Lowered?
In the recent years there has been much controversy on whether the United States should lower the legal drinking age to 18 years old. Many people feel that if someone is old enough to fight for their country and to vote they should be able to drink, but that is not the case. In actuality that is not the reasoning behind why the drinking age is at 21 and not 18. Truth is, it is not safe for minors…
Government and Politics Megan Barry
‘Should direct democracy be more widely used in the UK?’
Direct democracy is a form of government in which all laws are created by a general vote of society. This means that political decisions are put forward to the people as they are the ones who are going to be directly affected by the outcome of the decision. An example of direct democracy used occasionally in society is referendums. A referendum…