Alienation: Capitalism and Industrialized Capitalism Changes Essay

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Alienated Labour

In the article “Alienated Labor,” Karl Marx wrote that there were four aspects of alienation that capitalism occupies at any level of a man’s work. He explains that alienation is important in any capitalist society. According to Marx, workers have little control of how the production process is controlled. Marx believed that working only for money was like selling your soul. The only time a worker feels like himself is when they are not working. A person becomes a different person each time they go to work. All people are guilty of this problem especially those that are employed at a production factory. Factory workers begin to feel a sense of monotonous routine which are a part of their everyday lives. Marx believed that alienation such as factory working can lead to bitter hatred which drives people to want to commit such crimes as stealing things that do not belong to them in order to get a sense of thrill. According to Micah McDunnigan, “Marx's idea of alienated labor focuses on the idea that industrialized capitalism changes the very nature of an individual's labor from that of creation to that of a form of exploitation. According to his ideas, when an individual works for himself and produces an item, it is his creation, from which he derives both monetary gain and professional fulfillment. However, when an individual creator is put on an assembly line for a capitalistic company, Marx theorized, that individual is deprived of both factors. (McDunnigan, 2014)”
According to Max Weber’s article “Bureaucracy,” believed that companies were like a bureaucracy that were goal-oriented. Weber believed “self-alienation of man from himself and nature appears in the relationship in which he places himself and nature to other men distinct from himself. Therefore religious self-alienation necessarily appears in the relationship of layman to priest, or, because here we are dealing with a spiritual world, to a mediator, etc. in the practical, real world, the self-alienation can only appear through the practical, real relationship to other men. (Wharton, 2006, p. 50)” Frederick W. Taylor’s article “Fundamentals of Scientific Management” states that
When workers perform successfully, they will continue to execute their job to the fullest capacity without the interference of management. This allows the employee the opportunity to have a sense of pride in their work without feeling management is micromanaging their performance as they practice their job. Taylor wrote in his article that, “maximum prosperity for each employee means not only higher wages than are usually received by men of his class, but, of more importance still, it also