All: Developmental Psychology and Children Essay examples

Submitted By AnnaONeill
Words: 1799
Pages: 8

E1-Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in TWO (2) areas of development.

At 4 years old children may be able to eat with a knife and fork, dress themselves and may also be able to throw and catch a ball. Which is improving their physical development. Between the age of 5-6 children may be able to use scissors. There is also an increasing coordination of the larger movements so that children will be able to run, swerve and dodge more easily for example when the children are playing chase. Children at this age may also be learning how to read and write which is a long process for them and as well as learning how to read and write they also learn about number. However when the child is 7 years old they become more physically skilled which results in them being able to tasks more quickly, confidently and easily.

On the other hand children also develop language techniques. According to http://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/language_development_4-5_years.html/context/567 it says that, “At four, children will use around 1500 different words but understand even more. By five, they will have an even wider range of words that they can understand and use”. As children learn many words they develop more vocabulary. From the age of 4 to 6 years children may have mastered the basic skills of language. The may have mastered the basic rules of English grammar and may become fluent, although they may be still making errors. However from 6-7 years the child may have clearer speech as their tongue, teeth and jaw develop. Children begin to use language to get their point of view across to others, although some do this by raising their voice.

Word Count=235

E2- Describe the development of children in a selected age range, different from E1 and in TWO (2) areas of development.

Physical Development

By the age 8-9, some children may have the physical ability to learn to sew, they may also be able to cut around a shape without effort or draw a simple picture. Children also become more physically skilled which results in them being able to do tasks more quickly, confidently and easily. By age 10 they should be able to catch a ball thrown high in the air. When the child reaches 10 years old this is the start of their growing independence. According to http://childparenting.about.com/od/physicalemotionalgrowth/a/physmilestones.htm it says that, “By age 10, most children begin to show signs of puberty such as oily skin, increased sweating and hair growth under arms and on genital areas”. Which is true because this is the age children’s bodies start to develop. A child between the ages of 10 and 12 years is fairly independent when it comes to physical activities, and their coordination and balance will only continue to improve. Their bodies is also going through many physical changes as they prepares to enter their teenage years.

Language Development

When the child is 7 they may have developed many language skills so far. Between the ages 7-9 reading may become easier. According to http://www.home-speech-home.com/language-development-in-children-9-10-years.html it states that, “9-10 year olds language skills are becoming more abstract and complex”, as they start to do more difficult sentences than the ones they use in conversations. The child has now reached 10 years old they may have gained in confidence. Children are also likely to be competent in areas that interests them such as sport, computers or drawing. However between 10-11 years the children’s writing may be more complex than their conversational language. They should begin to tell jokes using more complex language and ideas. They should also be able to form their own opinion, present their point of view, and actively participate in discussions with others. Finally the child has reached 12 years old. The Children at this age should be able to explain results through discussions. They can persuade by presenting a well formed,…