Essay on Alright: World War I

Submitted By YoloSwagg4
Words: 1965
Pages: 8

Name______________________________________________

RUSH-1ST NINE WEEKS TEST REVIEW











1. The except above is from which founding document?
Declaration of Independence

2. What is meant by “…it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them…”?
It is time for the American colonies to break away from Great Britain


3. List the characteristics of each era

The Gilded Age
1870s-1900
“Pretty on the outside, not so pretty on the inside”
The Progressive Era
1900-1920s
Reform the problems of the Gilded Age (domestic policy)
U.S. Rise to World Power
1890-1920
U.S.’s influence and territory expands beyond our borders (foreign policy)
Big Business
Monopolies/Trusts
Labor Unions
Immigration
Tenement Housing
Crowed Cities
Urbanization
Industrialization
Westward Expansion
Homestead Act
Dawes Act
Bessemer Steel Process
Steel Plow
Railroads
Electricity
Carnegie
Rockefeller
J.P. Morgan
Boss Tweed/Tammany Hall
Political Corruption
Reforms
Citizens have a larger voice in the government
17th, 19th, recall, referendum, initiative
16th
18th
Pure Food and Drug Act-Sinclair
Interstate Commerce Act
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Muckrakers
Settlement Houses-Jane Addams
W.E.B. DuBois/NAACP
National Park Service-John Muir
Susan B. Anthony
Frances Willard
From isolationism to imperialism/expansionism
Yellow Journalism
USS Maine
Spanish-American War
Fought in Cuba and Philippines
U.S. gained Philippines, Puerto Rice, Guam
Rough Riders
U.S. Annexes Hawaii
Panama Canal
World War I
UBoats
Tanks, machine guns, airplanes, poison gas, trench warfare
Zimmerman Telegram
Lusitania
Wilson’s 14 Points
League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
American Expeditionary Forces
General Pershing
Battle of Argonne Forest



4. What major event happened in 1898? What impact did this event have on the United States?
Spanish-American War-first time the U.S. enters a foreign conflict-U.S. gains territory around the globe starts to be seen as a world power
5. What major event happened from 1914-1918? What impact did this event have on the United States?
World War I-furthers the U.S. into world power status

6. Economic Issues of the Gilded Age: List the economic issues each topic had during the Gilded Age
Industrialization

Big Business grew; technological innovations: Bessemer Steel, electricity, mass communications; Immigrants provided industry with more workers
Growth of Railroads

Industry relied on RRs for shipping; grew to meet the demands of industry and westward expansion;
Growth of Labor Unions
Workers formed unions to negotiate for better pay and working conditions; used strikes as a tactic to get what they wanted
Farm Issues

Because of westward expansion and improved technology (steel plow) farm production increased and led to overproduction and farmers couldn’t sell their crops-went into debt
Cattle Boom Industry

Growing demand for beef after the Civil War; RRs provided transportation to Urban areas
Rise of Entrepreneurship
Business owners-assumed the risk of owning a business ,
Free Enterprise

As industry grew, the government had little involvement in businesses
Big Business

Industrialists created monopolies and trusts to reduce competition and expand their companies; socio-economic divisions widened; Carnegie, Rockefeller, Morgan

7. List the social issues of each group during the Gilded Age
Women

Low wages, textile factories, young & single
Children

Worked for low wages and in dangerous conditions, lacked education and play time
Immigrants

Europeans faced discrimination, tenement housing, poor working conditions, low pay
Chinese faced Chinese Exclusion Act, low pay, discrimination,
Urbanization

Cities grew around immigration and industrial centers, Crowded cities, tenement housing, ethnic neighborhoods were established
Social Gospel

Salvation could be reached by helping the…