Alzheimer's Disease Essay

Submitted By shbuit6146
Words: 475
Pages: 2

Introduction Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, brain disorder that causes a slow and permanent decline in memory, language skills, perception of time and space, and, eventually the ability to care for oneself. Alzheimer's is the most common from of dementia. Dementia is the impairment of memory and other mental powers due to a disease. It is also the fourth leading cause of death among older adults.

II.What is Dementia? 1. Impaired Memory, a. Alzheimer's disease is recognized as the most common cause and form of dementia, Schwartz, Eric, (2013). 2. Decline in organizational skills

A. What is Alzheimer’s disease? 1. Slow Progressive Brain disease, a.Alzheimer’s disease is a condition that causes the nerve cells to degenerate and the brain matter to shrink, affecting thought, memory, and language, Hwang, Mi ( 1998). 2. Increased accumulation of the production of beta, resulting in cell death in the brain. B. Development of Alzheimer’s disease. 1. Age, a. late on set occurs in patients over the age of 65, Hwang, Mi (1998). 2. Genetics, a. Familial AD, meaning the gene for AD is inherited from 1 or both parents, Hwang, Mi (1998). Stages of Alzheimer’s disease 1. The seven stages of a. Alzheimer’s Disease: No impairment, Very mild decline, Mild decline, Moderate decline, moderately severe decline, severe decline, and Very severe decline Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease 2.Short Term and long term memory loss 3. Changes in personality 4. Disorientation C.The causes of Alzheimer ’s disease 1. Amyloid cascade theory, a.Amyloid-β is a secreted peptide of unknown physiological function that is cleaved from amyloid precursor protein by the sequential activities of β-secretase and γ-secretase enzymes, Perrin, Fagan, Holtzman (2009). D.Risk Factors of Alzheimer’s Disease 1. Apoe4 Gene- a. Genetics, researchers believe that genetics plays a prominent role in the development of AD, Hwang, Mi (1998). 2. Traumatic Brain Injuries 3. Increase in age E. Social and