Champions of Morality Armed conflict has and will always be a double-edged sword. On one end, war can fight evil and establish good, virtuous, nations, however, it almost always simultaneously generates enormous pain and suffering. This duality of war has created much controversy especially over the last several decades as modern warfare has taken a serious toll on human life. People have risen in protest of war’s catastrophic effects in a variety of ways including literature. Mark Twain’s “War Prayer” and e.e. cumming’s “[I sing of Olaf glad and big]” both express antiwar sentiments through their characters and expose the hypocrisy found in what many Americans would consider to be trustworthy and honorable institutions. As Twain mentions early on in his piece, those who openly disapproved of the war at hand, “got such a stern and angry warning that for their personal safety’s sake quickly shrank out of sight” (1399). Twain’s comment might leave his readers wondering about where these people went, what happened to them, and that is exactly where e.e. cumming’s piece fills in the empty space. Olaf, “a conscientious object-or” (1899), was brutally dealt with by the military and government because of his strong antiwar stance. From cumming’s poem and Twain’s statement, one could easily deduce that open disapprovement of a nations military endeavors is not acceptable. Like the cheering crowd of, “proud fathers and mothers and sisters and sweethearts” (1399) in “War Prayer” people were and are expected to blindly partake in war festivities and Olaf stands as a warning for what happens when one fails to do so. Despite the merciless torture he experienced, Olaf held his moral ground and, together with Twain’s old godly messenger, demonstrates strength and righteousness. Although the characters situations differ considerably, both are voices of reason and power. Despite their “against the grain” positions, Olaf and the messenger seem more morally sound than those who uphold the dominant beliefs about war and violence. The “aged stranger” who entered a church full of fiercely patriotic soldiers and citizens was the only one who could fairly recognize the ethical problem of calling upon the “God of battles” to destroy “thy neighbor”. Although he is ultimately rejected by his audience, the ghost like elder radiates confidence as he demands the attention of the church and thus presents himself as the powerful messenger God sent him to be. Olaf stands as a pillar virtue as he is treated violently for his belief in nonviolence but unlike Twain’s character, is physically powerless. He could not command a room full of people even if he tried as has been abused in the most mutilating of ways and lacks even
Gentlemen of the jury, I present to you a decision. A decision that you must make correctly, considering the laws and standards we must uphold in this nation… A decision that cannot be influenced by anything other than your ethical, American, beliefs. This decision will act as a final ruling of what you believe occurred across several months, involving numerous patients and the irresponsible actions of Miss Ratched shaping the operation of Oregon State Mental Hospital. Across these months three deaths have…
presents the protestors, many baring English signs-“USA return the Shah”, “Justice for murder”-superseded by a reaction shot of an Iranian man viciously stabbing an effigy of the Shah for 8 seconds. The human eye can register a single image shown in 1/20th of a second, the 8 seconds that Affleck uses is therefore a deliberate time used to emphasize the raw emotion of the Iranian protestors. This reaction shot presents the pure rage felt by the Iranian people over what they saw as the Shah escaping…
if those people were to look closely, it would become extremely apparent to them that there is a God and that He is the all-powerful creator of this universe.
The first major step in accepting the Christian faith is believing that the Bible is the final authority. II Timothy 3:16, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:” (KJV). One cannot be rightfully called a Christian if they do not hold the Bible…
American Multicultural Literature
Term/Research Paper and Group Presentation Guidelines
Your understanding of this course and its contents will culminate in a Final Group Project/ Presentation as well as individual Term/Research Paper based on the same research. Each group will work on one a theme (“Fences,” “Crossing,” “Americans,” “Beliefs”); the selection will be made on a “luck of the draw” basis. Once you have selected a theme, all group members need…
resources, pollution and the economy.
Organizational Pattern: Topical
A. Attention Getter: When you think of the word “overpopulation” you may think of an overcrowded dining center or not being able to find a table at the library during finals week, but the reality is that since January 1st, 2015 there are now 7 billion 214 million people in the world with 2.5 births every second.
B. Relevance of topic to audience: Overpopulation is important now not just to us as college students but to…
The NAU Online Campus uses ProctorU for authenticating a student’s identity when taking an online proctored final exam, such
as the final exam in this course.
ProctorU allows you to use almost any web cam to take an exam securely from your own home or local NAU campus. You will be
able to connect one-on-one with a verified proctor through ProctorU via your computer, follow his/her instructions, and
complete the exam online.
Please read this document to familiarize you with the ProctorU…
In the early twentieth century, one of the leading movements in the United States was the Harlem Renaissance. According to history.com, “Spanning the 1920s to the mid-1930s, the Harlem Renaissance was a literary, artistic, and intellectual movement that kindled a new black cultural identity.” Not only did the Harlem Renaissance give African Americans the opportunity to establish their identity, but it also portrayed life on the streets of Harlem. According…
89S. Imagining War. Instructor M. Maiwald. WF 8:30-9:45
In this course, we will consider how the experience of war has been represented in American fiction, non-fiction,
and film. We will investigate how attitudes toward war have evolved throughout American history: our timeline
begins with the Civil War—the traumatic event that birthed the modern American state—and ends with the recent
conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. In particular, we will attend to the ethics of representation, asking who…
In today’s world, individuals can make a single decision that can have a positive or negative effect on their family, coworkers, friends, or on the entire world. However, the life we lead can reflect our personal character. Therefore, personal ethics are different for each one of us. However, when we work in a professional career, we have our own work character to reflect on. What is professional ethics? “Professional ethics concerns the moral issues that arise because of the specialist knowledge…
International Film Critique
Use the following format for your international film review; answers must be typed below the questions and all questions must appear in full on your final copy. You can use this document as your template. Pay careful attention to the required number of words for those questions that have them. Failure to follow the instructions here and on your syllabus will result in a substantially low grade. Minimal answers poorly written are a D grade or less. Elaboration of points…