<March 1, 2013>
Participation/Voting - Expand / contract → turnout (result) presidency: 60% Eligibility ----> limited - Property restrictions ----> wealth **Jacksonian period (1820’s) - First period of mobilize - Democrats (began to form the modern Democratic Party)
**Jacksonian democracy It is the political movement toward greater democracy for the common man typified by American politician Andrew Jackson and his supporters
Post Civil War – Amendment 13, 14, and 15. (everybody equal to vote) - About rights expansion - Contract: Limitations ---> by state → Example: Mississippi--Literature Test → They can control that whether people can vote or not 인종차별주의적: Jim crow law - 1965: Voting Rights Act → Dealing with voting rights National government expansion - 19th Amendment (1919): women got right to vote – everyone can vote - 26th Amendment (1917): 18 years old – right to vote Q. How to encourage people to vote? - Motor voter = the motor voter act properly known as the National Voter Registration act. → It was passed to help voter turnout. It makes it convenient to register by requiring all states to allow people who apply for. = 면허증 등록/재발급 할 때 같이 신청 가능하도록 만든 것. - Help America vote → 2001 florida issue
Left to _______? - ID card required (Drive license: picture on it) - Ballot/ Registration/ County (absents) * Political debate: 선거 위해 소요되는 시간이 2시간 이상이면?
<March 4, 2013>
Issues with States – ID (Picture ID) / Registration / methods: ballot (usually paper vote) Increase turnout (60%) New technology help vote system
**Example: 1948 Senate vote corrupt → how & who count the votes?
Why state ballot – fusion ballot D (Devon) -------- WF (working family) R (Rushbolt) ----- MA C (closs) ---------- IWD - 1970 New York: Rep. Candidate – Charles (father was a Senate.) He is a very much unique person ….? Who votes / Who doesn’t / Why → PUZZLE : individual (has certain factors) 시험에 나온답니당. - Education : the more highly educated, the more vote → problem? → College education population: 1/3 – 40% → Over representative! (Because less educated people do not vote a lot.)
- Income : the higher income people, the more vote - Age : elderly people more vote than young people → 18 years old – 21 years old vote percentages lower than 60 yeas old people’s Attitudes : young people more cynical about vote. Election : people tend to vote more for presidency Party mobilization models → Targeted mobilization – turnout targeted → Education mean increasing voters → Choices: who likely to win/ going to be winner →Two party system.
<March 6, 2013> Party Based on support Realignment = dominant → 1860 : Rep. Party dominant. → 1896 : Industrialization → people know the differ between two parties (clearly) → 1932 : Demo. Party dominant : New Deal 아이젠하워?? → 1968 → Parties begun to change (extremely) → Voting Rights Act - Rep. Party in the south - 매사추세츠 Rep. → changed to Demo. & liberal Think about how economics & something during 60s – 70s - Most of people voted for candidate who has chance to win but got changed later Example: If people want to Rushbolt run the county office, why ?
Two Party System – Plurality electors → most votes win Party nominations – Leaders / Activists (Principle)
Conventions – party primaries → 1968 Chicago Convention ( Demo. Convention ) → Party leader picks →Party rules: Party leader has power → New hampshire Presidency