American Revolution and College Board Essay

Submitted By beasto21
Words: 1599
Pages: 7

AP® UNITED STATES HISTORY
2012 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 2
Analyze the effect of the French and Indian War and its aftermath on the relationship between Great
Britain and the British colonies. Confine your response to the period from 1754 to 1776.
The 8–9 Essay
• Contains a clear, well-developed thesis that addresses the aftermath of the French and Indian War and its effect on the relationship between Great Britain and the British colonies.
• Develops the thesis with substantial and relevant historical information about the effect of the war and its aftermath on the relationship between Britain and the British colonies.
• Provides effective analysis of the aftermath of the war and its effect on the British/colonial relationship; treatment of the aftermath’s effect on the relationship may be somewhat uneven.
• May contain minor errors that do not detract from the quality of the answer.
• Is well organized and well written.
The 5–7 Essay
• Contains a partially developed thesis that addresses the aftermath of the French and Indian War and its effect on the relationship between Great Britain and the British colonies.
• Supports the thesis with some relevant historical information about the effect of the aftermath of the war on the relationship between Great Britain and the colonies.
• Provides some analysis of the aftermath of the war and its effect on the British/colonial relationship; treatment of the aftermath’s effect on the relationship may be uneven.
• May contain errors that do not seriously detract from the quality of the essay.
• Has acceptable organization and writing.
The 2–4 Essay
• Contains an unfocused or limited thesis on the effects of the war and its aftermath on the
British/colonial relationship or simply paraphrases the question.
• Provides minimal relevant information about the effect of the war and its aftermath on the relationship or lists facts with little or no application to the question.
• May address the question only partially, with limited or no analysis of the effects of war and its aftermath on the relationship.
• May have major errors.
• May be poorly organized, poorly written, or both.
The 0–1 Essay
• Lacks a thesis or restates the question.
• Demonstrates an incompetent or inappropriate response or is off topic (zero).
• Contains numerous errors.
• Is poorly organized, poorly written, or both.
The — Essay
• Is completely blank.

© 2012 The College Board.
Visit the College Board on the Web: www.collegeboard.org.

AP® UNITED STATES HISTORY
2012 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 2 (continued)
Potential Outside Information
Effect of the French and Indian War and Its Aftermath
Albany Congress, 1754, Iroquois
Anglo-American friction after the war:
• disagreement between British and colonists over military strategy
• British perception of colonial troops as mediocre
• colonial resentment of British arrogance
• illicit colonial trade with the French; writs of assistance
• increased English debt leading to the need to enforce mercantilist laws to bring in money
• Proclamation Line of 1763, British fear of American Indian wars; Pontiac’s Rebellion, 1763; colonial desire to expand
• prosperity of the colonists ending with the end of the war
• Revenue Act of 1762
• stationing of British troops in the colonies — American Indians, cost of troops, fear of standing army of 10,000 British soldiers; colonial officers no higher than captain
Braddock’s defeat at Fort Duquesne, July 1755; Fort Necessity
Benjamin Franklin’s cartoon, “Join or Die,” in the Pennsylvania Gazette end of Salutary Neglect
King George III mercantilism; Triangular Trade concept
Ohio Company’s land grants
Pitt’s promise to finance colonial troops
Treaty of Paris, 1763:
• France loses North American continent.
• Spain controls New Orleans and area west of the Mississippi.
Walpole, Robert
Wars of Empire
Relationship Between Great Britain and the British Colonies
Adams, Samuel,…