Amphetamine and Sullivan Essay

Submitted By fjukl15
Words: 517
Pages: 3

Homework Week 7
Part 3 Social, community, and Environmental influences on Delinquency Gabriel Oakes
SYPP3530-M1
CRIME AND DELINQUENCY
Professor Robert Hart
6/03/2013

The drug MDMA, well known as ecstasy, gives users similar effects and risks as other stimulants; like cocaine and amphetamines (Sullivan, 2012). This can include the increase in alertness, heart rate, and blood pressure (Sullivan, 2012). MDMA can effect a user physically including, muscle tension, tremors, involuntary teeth clenching, muscle cramps, nausea, faintness, chills, sweating, and blurred vision (Sullivan, 2012). If a user of MDMA induces too much of the drug it can possibly interfere with the user’s ability to regulate body temperature, which can result in the increase in body temperature (Sullivan, 2012). Chronic use of MDMA can lead to liver, kidney and cardiovascular failure (Sullivan, 2012). Users often become dehydrated when using the drug as a result of the hot conditions in which the drug can be taken (Sullivan, 2012). Recent studies have suggested that chronic users of MDMA can damage their serotonin system (Sullivan, 2012). It seems ironic for a drug to be taken to help increase pleasure, but may instead damage and reduce the ability to feel pleasure as well (Sullivan, 2012). The drug MDMA is usually distributed in tablet form (Sullivan, 2012). These tablets are sold with different logos, which creates separate brand names for users to seek. MDMA can be distributed in capsules, powder, and in liquid for as well (Sullivan, 2012). Usually swallowed as tablets; MDMA can be crushed and snorted, smoked and on rare occasions injected. Just like other abused drugs, MDMA is used alongside other substances; like alcohol and marijuana (Sullivan, 2012). MDMA affects brain cells using the chemical serotonin to communicate with each other (Sullivan, 2012). Serotonin is used to help regulate mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain (Sullivan, 2012). Under the Controlled substance act MDMA is a schedule 1 drug, which means it has the potential to be abused (Sullivan, 2012). MDMA is a synthetic chemical made in a…