BY: JINGQI YANG (IRENE)
STUDENT NUMBER: 201210084
TITLE: ENGLISH PRACTICAL STUDY SKILLS
MODULE CODE: 49082 (8 WEEK COUSES)
1. INTRODUCTION 3
2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF HULL 3 2.1 TRADE 3 2.2 EDUCATION 4
3. SUMMARY 5
4. REFERENCE 5
1. INTRODUCTION The town of Hull was founded in the twelfth century. Hull is an old town in the UK because it has a history of almost 900 years until now. In addition, Hull is also a special city; it is evident that there were many main buildings that were destroyed during the First World War and the Second World War. For example, during that period, fishing industry was damaged and approximately 5000 houses were destroyed as well as many schools and churches. But Hull rebuilt many new buildings after the Second World War. On the other hand, because of slave trade, it is necessary to introduce a person whose name was William Wilberforce. He was born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, and he contributed to the abolition of slave trade in the British Empire for twenty-six years. The Slave Trade Act was passed in 1807. It means that the British stepped into a new era, and Hull has also changed and improved. Generally speaking, the main areas of the development of Hull over the last 200 years are as follows: trade and education.
2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF HULL 2.1 TRADE
In the past, Hull developed as a port where wool was exported to northern Europe and raw materials were imported into England. It was main trade of Hull. Many docks were built. For instance, at that time, the first Old Dock and the Humber Dock were opened in 1778 and in 1801 respectively. A third dock the Junction Dock was constructed in 1829. But some of those older docks had been closed before the King George Dock (1914) and Queen Elizabeth Dock (1969) was built to control container traffic. Furthermore, the fishing industry played an increasingly important role in the development of trade in Hull. The fishing increased job opportunities for people. Indeed, Hull has many changes and become to be an important fish port in Europe. However, Hull suffered serious economic depression: the fishing industry was damaged during the Second World War, many dockworkers were unemployed. In the twentieth century, Hull restarted focusing on the fishing trade as a result fishing boomed. When the fishing market closed in 2011, it marked the end of era.
On the other hand, Many Hull's famous buildings, sites and people are all linked oil seed crushing industry. For example: Pease Warehouse Units, Windmills Open House, Wilberforce House Museum, Blayde Hotels Ranked High Joseph Street. In some extent, associated to the oil seed companies. In nineteenth century, Hull was a large town; there were over 22,000 populations. The number of population had increased over ten times after a hundred years. Therefore, the unemployment has become a serious issue in Hull. In Mid-nineteenth century, there are twenty-four "color paint manufacturers and distributors listed in the local directory, including 11 manufacturers end of this century, 39" color, paint and varnish manufacturers' market, which effectively solved the problem of unemployment. In the late twentieth century, many shopping centres opened, museums published and the old town of Hull has been very popular visited. As a consequence of these, retail, tourism and manufacturers become major industry in Hull.
Hull has 14 secondary schools and 71 primary schools and more than 6,000 places for three and four-year-olds in the 130 setting. The city also has adult and community education in high standards. In 1927, University College Hull was laid, after a short time, University status was established in 1954. It means higher education has started, which meant a big change for Hull. The University of Hull can provide students throughout the learning process with all the