An Inspector Calls- the birling family Essay

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ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY (AS)
General Certificate of Education
2008

History

assessing

Module 1

ASH11

Assessment Unit AS 1

[ASH11]
FRIDAY 11 JANUARY, AFTERNOON

TIME

1 hour 30 minutes.
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

Write your Centre Number and Candidate Number on the Answer Booklet provided.
Choose one option.
Answer question 1(a) or 1(b) and question 2 from your chosen option.
Indicate clearly on your Answer Booklet which option you have chosen.
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

The total mark for this paper is 80.
Quality of written communication will be assessed in all questions.
Question 1 in each option is worth 12 marks. You are expected to present an explanation and show understanding of appropriate concepts and arrive at judgements which are substantiated with factual evidence. You should spend 15 minutes on this question.
Question 2 in each option is worth 68 marks. You are expected to interpret, evaluate and use source material in its historical context.

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OPTION 1

RELIGIOUS CHANGE IN ENGLAND 1520–1547

Answer question 1(a) or 1(b) and question 2.

1

Either
(a) Assess the extent of anti-papal feeling in England in the period 1520–1547.

[12]

Or
(b) Assess the importance of the role played by Thomas Cromwell in accomplishing the
English Reformation.
[12]

2

Read the sources and answer the questions which follow:
Source 1
Extract from a letter written in 1527 by King Henry VIII to Cardinal Wolsey.
My own good Cardinal, I thank you for the great pain and labour that you take daily in royal business. I desire that, when you are better, and have enjoyed some recreation and relaxation, you will be fit to serve me longer. You have so well organised my business, both at home and abroad, that little or nothing can be added. The Queen sends her best wishes to you, whom she loves very well, and both she and I wish to know when you will visit us. This letter has been written by me personally, your loving master.

Source 2
Extract from Hall’s Chronicle, published in 1548. Edward Hall was a lawyer and Member of the Reformation Parliament of 1529–1536. In this extract he is recording the events of the year 1530.
In October 1529 Cardinal Wolsey had been convicted of treason but allowed to live in his diocese of York. Whilst there, Wolsey, bitter about his fall from power and forgetting the kindness King Henry VIII had shown him, wrote to the court of Rome and other princes and did his best to persuade them to help him get revenge against the King. Dr Edward Kern, the King’s Orator in Rome, was told that, because of the Cardinal, the King’s divorce case would suffer.

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2

Source 3
Extract from Colin Pendrill, The English Reformation, published in 2000.
By 1527, Henry VIII had no son to succeed him and he believed that there would be a succession crisis on his death. He wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn. Normally, Henry could have expected the Pope to grant him a divorce, but his case was very weak in terms of the Biblical texts, church law and the wider political context. The Pope would not agree to the divorce. Cardinal
Wolsey, the papal legate, was unable to solve the problem and fell from power in
1529.

(a) Study Source 1. How useful is it as evidence for an historian studying King Henry
VIII’s attitude to Cardinal Wolsey?
[13]
(b) Sources 1 and 2 provide differing contemporary views on Wolsey’s relationship with
King Henry VIII. How, and why, do they differ?
[25]
(c) Using all the sources, and your own knowledge, assess the extent to which Cardinal
Wolsey was responsible for the failure of King Henry VIII to obtain a divorce from the
Pope.
[30]

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[Turn over

OPTION 2

CONFRONTATION IN ENGLAND 1603–1629

Answer question 1(a) or 1(b) and question 2.

1

Either
(a) How successful were the financial policies of James I between 1603 and 1625?…