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Anabaptists: A Protestant sect that believed only adults could make a free choice regarding religion; they also advocated pacifism, separation of church and state, and democratic church organization. 2.
Anne Hutchinson: A Puritan woman who was well learned that disagreed with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay
Colony. Her actions resulted in her banishment from the colony, and later took part in the formation of Rhode Island. She displayed the importance of questioning authority.
Ben Franklin: A delegate from Pennsylvania and proposed the
intellectuals who advocated reason as the universal source of knowledge and truth
George Washington: 1st President
George Whitefield: (1739) Stressed that God was all powerful and would save only those who openly professed faith in Christ
Jesus. Taught that with sincere faith, ordinary people could understand scripture without ministers
Calvinism: A body of religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin.
Committee of Five: Chosen to create a document that gave reasons for separation from England (Declaration of
Independence); Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams,
Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston
Committees of Correspondence: A network of communicaiton set up in Massachusetts and Virginia to inform other colonies of ways that Britain threatened colonial rights
Continental Congress: (1774) - declaration of rights and grievances sent to George III b/c Parliament's authority no longer recognized; called for repressive legislation since 1763; no authority to levy taxes; Second in 1775 = results included
Washington as chief, Congress assumed direction of war effort, and Olive Branch Petition affirmed American loyalty to George
III and denied desire for independence
Homespun: a coarse, loosely woven, homemade fabric
Intolerable or Coercive Acts: Several laws that were composed in 1774 in response to colonial rebellion. (Boston Tea
Party) It angered the colonies greatly, pushing them further into unity. 20.
Jonathan Edwards: A Congregationalist preacher of the Great
King Philips's War: the unceasing span of white settlers made
Awakening who spoke of the fiery depths of hell. the native Americans mad and when the Plymouth government attempted to take up the firearms of wampanoags Metacom was pissed and started a war where he killed a whole bunch of white but in the end the settlers win and the natives in the southern
New England area had to live in praying towns from
Crowd Actions: Colonists used crowd actions to enforce values
Dartmouth: This 1819 Marshall Court decision was one of the earliest and most important U.S. Supreme Court decisions to interpret the contracts clause in Article I, Section 10 of the
Constitution. The case arose from a dispute in New Hampshire over the state's attempt to take over Dartmouth College. By construing the Contract Clause as a means of protecting corporate charters from state interventions, Marshall derived a significant constitutional limitation on state authority. As a result, various forms of private economic and social activity would enjoy security from state regulatory policy. Marshall thus encouraged the emergence of the relatively unregulated private economic actor as the major participant in a growing national economy. 11.
Declarations of Rights and Grievances: stated that all males have the right to be free and that men are born and remain free in equal rights. 1789 august.
Deist: One who believes in God, but denies supernatural revelation. 13.
Eliza Lucas Pinckney: South Carolina plantation owner who became the first person in the colonies to successfully raise a crop of indigo.
John Peter Zenger: A New York editor whose trial for seditious libel backfired