Analysis Of Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal

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Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal is one of the most famous literary works of the eighteenth century. The essay begins with offering a useful proposal to help the poor children of Ireland so that it benefits the commonwealth. Later, the proposer suggests that poor families should sell their children as food for the rich. In order to support this ironic proposal, the narrator uses statistical data to suggest the number of the babies to get sell, plus their proper weight and price. Furthermore, Swift delivers many examples that prove the advantages and the importance of his suggestion. One example suggests that the proposal will increase the income of the unfortunate families and it will allow them to pay their rents and other expenses. Also, the good economic profit will encourage people to get married and take care of their children. Another …show more content…
Swift’s solution to solve the problem of poverty is not logical as he proposes. In fact, the suggestion provides the opposite and it benefits the rich as the narrator say, “I grant this food will be somewhat dear, and therefore very proper for landlords, who, as they have already devoured most of the parents, seem to have the best title to the children” (Swift 2433). This reflects the continuous issues of the poor that caused by the greed and dominance of the rich. The narrator closes the essay with saying, “I have no children by which I can propose” (Swift 2437). These words reveal that the proposal does not truly support such a proposal, instead the author is teaching the readers about the hard situation of the poor families. In conclusion, Swift’s A Modest Proposal is a very powerful essay. The use of satire in displaying the suffering of the poor of the 18th century, shocks the reader and makes the work lasts for decades. This essay encourages the reader to help other people and always respect those who are