With a quick glance it can be noted that whether a word be in the nominative, accusative or dative, it is still most likely to end with an –e. In just this small excerpt, I counted nineteen words alone (not including “the”) that had the inflective ending of –e. As for nouns such as croppes, fowels, halwes (shires) (Chaucer, Kolve 3), and pilgrimages, the rule holds true that the addition of an –s ending signifies that the noun is plural. Also, some words that come from the French language, especially is they end with –n or –nt are made plural by adding an –s instead of –es (Chaucer, Manly 94). The adjectives soote (sweet), tender (tender), yonge, straunge (strange/foreign), and ferne (far off/distant) all have the same –e ending (Chaucer, Kolve 3). As stated before, there was no longer a distinction in Middle English between an adjective being plural or singular, so a common ending was necessary. In this excerpt Chaucer made use of a few pronouns that were new to Middle English. In lines 2, 4, 7, 8, and 17, Chaucer makes use of the pronoun the (Chaucer, Manly 149). In Old English, the pronouns the and that where in the form of se, seo, and þæt.
As far as verbs are concerned, this excerpt is a great representation of the scarcity of strong verbs. As said earlier, many of the strong verbs disappeared and also, many of them were converted to weak verbs with time and