Ancient Egypt and Egyptian Civilization Influence Essay

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Pages: 4

Ch. 17
1. canon- The rule of perfect proportions for human body determined by the Greek sculptor Polycleitus in a now lost work , known as the Canon, based on the idea that each body part should be a common fraction of its whole.
2. Theocracy-is a form of government in which the official policy is to be governed by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided, or simply pursuant to the doctrine of a particular religious group or religion.
3. geometric style- s a phase of Greek art, characterized largely by geometric motifs in vase painting, that flourished towards the end of the Greek Dark Ages.. Its centre was in Athens, and it was diffused amongst the trading cities of the Aegean.
4. Hellenism- the culture of ancient Greece.
5. Ka- Egyptian philosophy that the part of the human being that defines personality and defines life on earth and after death.
6. the Han- This is nowhere in the chapter or the glossary.
7. Paleolithic- is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered (Modes I and II), and covers roughly 99% of human technological prehistory.
8. Tell el Amarna style- unique among the Egyptian world for its more realistic depiction of its subjects, instead of the strict idealistic formalism universal in Egyptian Art up until that point, as well as for depicting many informal scenes such as the royal family playing with their children
9. Ziggurat- were massive structures built in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having the form of a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels.
10. Stupa- is a mound-like structure containing Buddhist relics, typically the remains of Buddha, used by Buddhists as a place of worship.

1. The Venus of Willendorf- 25,000-20,000 BCE, representation of the goddess Venus, the small sculpture has all of the qualities of a woman but lacks a face.
2. Augusta of Primaporta- 20 BCE, sculpture of leader Augusta of Rome, has a spear representing Polykleitos and cupid is at his feet showing that he is a descendant of Venus.
3. Queen Nefertiti- 1365 BCE, stunning naturalistic piece, monotheistic period and Tell el Amarna period.
4. The Stele of Hammurabi-1760 BCE, contains the code of Hammurabi upon it, is made of stele, the code celebrates a sense of justice and wisdom.
5. Palette of King Narmer- Hierakonpolis, 3000BCE, was a gift to celebrate the victory of Upper Egypt over Lower Egypt, the figure has proportions that fit into a grid.
6. The Nike of Samothrace- 190BCE, exhibits 3 dimensional realism, was in the Hellenistic age and represents a goddess winning battle having the ocean mist upon her dress.
7. The Laocoon Group- first century CE, Laocoon a Trojan priest is over whelmed with the Greek God Poseidon, spulture shows so much action and emotion in it.
8. The Great Stupa- 150-50 BCE, hemispherical dome and a Buddhist burial mound, one of the earliest of its kind.
9. The Column of Trajan- 113 CE, tells the story of Emperor Trajan’s successful