Ancient Egypt vs. Mesopotamia - Comparative Essay

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Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Egypt and Mesopotamia, although similar, are different as a result of one major natural resource: a river. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were an agricultural based society that believed in the existence of many deities; however, they differed in the aspect of how they evolved as an agricultural society and whether they feared or praised their gods. Mesopotamia, also known as the Fertile Crescent, was located inside the Euphrates and Tigris River. The fertile land was a home to the many city-states. Although the city-states are not unified, they share the same curse/ blessing. All city states are located near the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The rivers provide rich soil that is favorable for farming. The …show more content…
Although the flooding is not as frequent as in Mesopotamia, Egypt had more rainfall. Likewise, like the Mesopotamians, the Egyptians stored their food surpluses. Although they don’t build a ziggurat, the Egyptians did have a granary. Also, similar to the Mesopotamians, the Egyptians had an irrigation system. Through this system, the Egyptians were able to deliver water to the crops. However, they did not use it to trap excess silt or to save water. Because of the favorable actions of the Nile, the Egyptians believed that they had a good relationship with their gods. The Egyptian religion, like the Mesopotamian’s, was polytheistic. They believed that many deities controlled the natural balance of the world. They also believed that the chosen emperor was a son of the god and he is able to communicate with the spiritual world. They believed that the relationship between the pharaoh and the spiritual world is so strong that the Egyptians build pyramids as a burial chamber. It is filled with various items (including a boat) that the emperor would need in order to travel to the afterlife. This concept is the same as the Mesopotamian belief in their ruler being a demigod. The concept of a demigod as a ruler was very important to the Egyptians because they want to continue having a favorable relationship with the gods. As a result of their belief in having a good relationship with the gods, the Egyptians believed that they would have a great afterlife. The concept