Around 3100 B.C an ancient civilization arose. This ancient civilization was Ancient Egypt, which was located in the northeastern part of Africa concentrated around the Nile River. Like many other civilizations the ancient Egyptians were concentrated around the Nile River due to the fertile land, which helped aid agriculture and it provided a quick way of transportation by boat, which helped communication and increased trade. Due to the abundance of food the people of Ancient Egypt were able to use their free time and resources for cultural, technological, artistic as well as various other pursuits. Architecture was a way in which cultural, technological and artistic pursuits were achieved. Different types of architecture included houses, pyramids, tombs, temples, statues and monuments. As a result of the scarcity of wood, the two most important building materials were sun baked mud brick and stone. The stone used for the building material included mainly limestone, but also sandstone and granite in considerable quantities. From the Old Kingdom (2649-2150 B.C.) onward stone was reserved for only the tombs and temples while brick was used for royal palaces, fortresses, the walls of temple precincts and towns. With the pyramids, the core of the pyramids came from stone quarried in the area already while the limestone, now eroded away, that was used to face the pyramids came from the other side of the Nile River and had to be quarried, ferried across, and cut during the dry season before they could be pulled into place on the pyramid. Ancient Egyptian houses were made with mud, which was obtained from the Nile River. One flaw with the use of sun-dried mud for houses was that when the Nile flooded which happened often the houses were washed away. Temples and tombs figured high within the main religious rituals. Temples were built to worship the Egyptian gods and were constructed using stone, which wasn’t widely used in other buildings like the houses or the royal places. The temples of Ancient Egypt were made to worship the Egyptian gods. Because the pharaohs were considered as gods, pyramids/tombs were built for them after their deaths. Throughout history there are four different types of structures, which the Egyptians used as tombs. Over time, the development of each of these structures led to what is known as the true pyramid. The earliest structures were called mastabas (Mastaba is the Arabic word for stone bench). The mastabas were made of mud or stone bricks faced with limestone slabs. Unlike the pyramids most people are familiar with, they were rectangular shaped, flat-topped, and had sloping sides. From there, the mastaba developed into the step pyramid. The step pyramids were not much different than the mastabas, in that they were a series of mastabas placed one on top of the other; each smaller than the one beneath. A series of ramps would be used to get the stones from one mastaba level to the next. Mastabas Step Pyramid The first step pyramid was designed by the architect Imhotep for King Djoser in 2780 B.C. This pyramid still stands today on the west bank of the Nile River at Sakkara near Memphis. As the fourth dynasty came about the Egyptian pyramids went through another phase of development and design. The bent pyramid was a combination of the mastaba and what would later be known as the true pyramid. The bottom portion of the bent pyramid looked like a mastaba while the middle and upper portions resembled a true pyramid. This was sort of the halfway point of the evolution towards the true pyramid. There were four basic materials that the Egyptians used to build the pyramids: limestone, pink granite, basalt, and alabaster. It was during the reign of King Snefru (2613-2589 BC) founder of the fourth dynasty, that the fourth and final pyramid, the true pyramid, was built. The builders knew what materials to use and how to transport those materials.
English Composition 1002
Ancient Cultures: Greece and Egypt
The ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations in our history. The Egyptians lived in the eastern part of North Africa, around 3000 BC and continued till the end of the Pharaoh rule in 31 BC (Grimal 27). On the other hand, the ancient Greek civilization is believed to have been in effect from 1100 BC till about 146 BC (Thomas 27). Due to differences in geography…
January 31st 2015
Egypt and its legacy
The Egyptian civilization emerged some time in the year 3500 BCE. Located along the Nile River, giving the Egyptian land growth and prosperity. The culture of Egypt was a major influence for many civilizations to come; many of them adopted their taste for art and architecture and their religious beliefs. From the Greek, the Romans and even now in modern days we continue to be influenced by their amazing architecture, like the Temple of Luxor in Las Vegas, which…
Ancient Egypt Civilization
April 26, 2011
Ancient Egypt Civilization
Civilization is most commonly defined and known as the way of life in a society. It is the way a society is structured, and each civilization includes its own key features. Societies and civilizations today all have their own unique structures. Egyptians developed the first organized forms of social structure, art, literature, medicine, religion, and architecture. From 3100 B.C. to 30 B.C., inhabitants…
4 March 2018
Ancient technologies in Egypt
In my personal opinion Ancient Egypt was of the most interesting of the civilizations that we started from. This is because of the mystery associated with Egypt and all the ways they innovated with technologies such as agriculture, beauty and such. The way Egyptians did things seemed different from others. They created massive structures that out shadowed others in the world at the time. The things that they built would…
Battle for World Domination: Zeus vs. Osiris
The Ancient Egyptians and the Ancient Greeks both lived near the majestic island of Crete. The ancient Greeks lived to the north of the island in Europe, and the Egyptians lived to the south in Africa. Other than location, these ancient powers had other similarities and differences. Some of the similarities and differences can be categorized in 5 categories: food, shelter, religion, government and weapons. While only about 1000 miles apart, these highly…
and After Life in Egyptian Art
The Ancient Egyptians one of the most amazing ancient cultures, Egyptians are famous for their unique ideas, beliefs, innovation and their architecture of the pyramids. Ancient Egyptians believed in life after death, they believed that life goes on and it doesn’t end when the person dies. All these beliefs towards death and after life played a big role in Egyptian Art.
Death and after life played a big role in Egyptian Art, the Ancient Egyptian civilization was…
power (1279~13 BCE) is known to be the second longest in ancient Egyptian history. He is the one who are to be mentioned in the Biblical story of Moses. Even though that there are no imperial evidence, Ramses II ruled during the Jewish exodus from Egypt. Ramses II is considered to be one of the gretest Ancient Egyptian pharaohs, because of his outstanding accomplishments. His hard work and accomplishment have left great legacy to Egyptian history.
He was born as Seti I and Queen Tuya’s son, and…
Art History 1
September 25, 2014
Evolution of Architecture
The way a city is built and set up tells one of the many features as to the main goals and ideas of a civilization. Some time periods are based around common themes of prayer, tribute to the dead, and the actual way of life of many cultures. When taking a look into the Neolithic time period, Catal Hoyuk and Jericho seem to be two of the first experiences with urban living. In the Ancient Near East, daily life was centered on the construction…
Ancient artwork is rather stimulating to learn about. It causes you to think about the art and what its civilization must have been like. Egyptian art was particularly interesting due to how colorful Egyptian culture is. The Rosetta Stone, Sphinx of Taharqo, The Standard of Ur, Narmer’s Palette, and The bust of Nefertiti are all portrayals of Ancient Egyptian culture.
The Rosetta Stone is and Ancient Egyptian artifact that includes text in Greek, hieroglyphics, and demotic Egyptian writing…
blocks of stone.
Architrave: The lowest part of 3 horizontal components of a classical entablature.
Capital: Top part of a column about the shaft.
Caryatid: A female figure supporting entablature and serving as a column.
Chaitya Hall: In Buddhist architecture of India, any site that contains a stupa.
Clerestory: The upper most part of a wall or building that is pierced by a window opening to let light in.
Corbeled Arch: Masonry constructed over an opening by a series of courses projecting from each…