On the day that President Jacksons went to the Capitol for his inauguration crowds of ordinary citizens had gathered. After he read a brief inaugural address and took to his horse to ride through the crowds to the White House the crowd turned into a mob of screaming, fighting, and romping people. Jacksons and his supporters viewed this mob as a symbol of a new democratic spirit. Andrew Jackson was not the only major figure disturbed by the state of national politics after the election of 1824. Martin Van Buren a United States Senator from New York was also disappointed by the election. Van Buren was a political genius and was not in favor of Jackson’s views (his nickname was "Little Magician") and he believed that the war hero Andrew Jackson was the perfect candidate around which to build this alliance. Van Buren's first tried to convince southern leaders to support the candidacy of Jackson and he had little trouble with this. To complete the coalition, Senator Van Buren and his ally in the House of Representatives crafted a piece of tariff legislation aimed at pulling voters from middle states like New York, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky into their camp. This was no easy task since tariffs were highly controversial.
In 1830 Congress passed four internal improvement bills with support from National Republicans. President Jackson vetoed each one of these bills and claimed that the voice of the people demanded careful spending. The frontier supporters were not pleased with this but it did please the southern constituency. Southern congressmen were hoping that Jackson would reverse course and reduce the Tariff of Abomination. But large numbers of producers in the middle part of the country wanted tariff protection for their goods including flax, hemp, distilled liquor, iron, and molasses, all of which could benefit from decreased international competition. The tariff crisis escalated in the fall of 1832 just before Jackson would face reelection.
The Market Revolution brought a lot of new inventions being introduced. One of the top inventors was Eli Whitney, who invented the Cotton Gin and interchangeable parts for firearms this revolutionized both southern agriculture and northern manufacturing. These advances in agricultural and industrial technology paralleled the development of roads and steamboats. Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin increased the amount of cotton that could be cleaned in one hour compared to the rate of several workers working all day cleaning. Other American inventions included the steamboat, the first railroads to be completed, the telegraph, national roads, steel plows and the sewing machine. American inventors transformed the U.S. economy with these new innovations. The rapid development of manufacturing and improved farming had a profound effect on American society. The Market Revolution could also had been called the Revolution of Inventions.
The Industrial Revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries had a major impact on every country in the world. Beginning around 1780 in England, industry started to replace agriculture, and