The Animal Liberation Front Singer’s Animal Liberation is based on the principle of utilitarianism for animals. Utilitarianism is a theory that states the proper course of action in a given situation should be the one that provides the greatest happiness overall, and is a form of consequentialism. He argues that the greatest happiness principle of utilitarianism should be extended to include the welfare of animals, not just humans. Singer states that humans have developed what he calls “speciesism,” in that we have a bias toward our own species in the same sense as racism and sexism. Singer also argues that animals should be included in utilitarian decisions on the basis that they can feel pain and suffering, not their intellect or ability to feel emotion. Animal Liberation also details current conditions and practices used on animals and calls for change to our current practices. In Animal Liberation Singer attempts to show a lack of justification in the way the human species treats and regards other species. Singer first points out evidence to speciesism in the general public’s perception that animals should not have rights just for the sole basis that they are animals. Singer on the other hand believes all beings that have the capacity for suffering should receive equal moral consideration. Singer declares, “ Pain is pain, and the importance of preventing unnecessary pain and suffering does not diminish because the being that suffers is not a member of our own species.” Singer argues that to deny animals this consideration is the same as denying woman rights based off her sex, or denying an African American rights solely off his or her race. Singer declares that if one cannot logically defend both sexism and racism, then it is impossible to justify speciesism. Singer sees no reason for the terrible treatment of animals to continue, while the blasphemies of sexism and racism were declared unjust decades ago. Singer claims that once one type of subordination is denounced, it should be easy to eradicate the rest. Singer believes that as women, different ethic groups, and religious groups gain equal rights it becomes increasingly difficult to defend the subordination that humans have put on other species. Singer relates sexism, racism, and speciesism by his explanation, “ Pain and suffering are in themselves bad and should be prevented or minimized irrespective of the race, sex or species of the being that suffers” Singer urges humans to not error in the ways of the past and start giving animals equal consideration and treatment. Another argument that is made why animals do not have equal moral consideration is that they lack a certain intellect humans deem sufficient. However, Singer believes that equal moral consideration should not be based off intellect or the ability to feel emotion, otherwise human characteristics, but on the ability of that species to feel pain or pleasure. In this point Singer does note that he does not believe that humans and animals should have equal rights. Singer states “There are obviously important differences between human and other animals, and these differences must give rise to some differences in the rights that each have ” Singer recognizes that most animals cannot accomplish and do the things that most grown humans can do. Humans, according to Singer, are also the only species that can make moral judgments and the have the capacity to reflect on the decisions made. Animals lack the ability to determine moral judgments and the capability to voice their thoughts. Therefore, Singer asserts that is must be humans that are the voice for equal treatment. Singer argues that most children and those unfortunate enough to be severely mentally retarded cannot do those tasks as well. If an individual sees a severely retarded child having cosmetic testing done on him or her that individual would claim that the child’s rights had been violated. Yet, those same individuals do not intervene…
think of animals, you think of open fields and ponds. When scientists think of animals, they think of needles, vaccines, cages, and human well-being. When the whole world sees what scientist’s see, chaos occurs. Animal experimenting is cruel; millions of animals suffer just to find that one perfect eye shadow color, or that one cure for chicken pox. Bunnies, mice, cats, and dogs, have been used in science labs all across the US. “It is accordingly the duty of scientific men to use animal experimentation…
The Home front
The picture above is a picture of the famous slogan Rosie the Riveter. This was used for the purpose of women going into the workforce. It is interesting to me because women had just started to go into the workforce and it is propaganda of women can indeed work.
In the picture above there is a woman that is a part of, the NEAT team. This team wanted to give the American citizens some tips that were military inspired. Since the military was well known for being…
3rd Period - Alderson
February 2, 2015
The Realities of War
In the novel of WWI, All Quiet on the Western Front, the author, Erich Maria Remarque, teaches us many important lessons about the peculiar brutalities of WWI, but also about the nature of war in general. Paul Baumer, the narrator and main protagonist of the book, describes the life-threatening experiences and adverse conditions of soldiers stranded in wartime. Although Remarque defines Paul and his generation…
Animal Testing: Necessary and Humane in Modern Practice
History of Animal Testing
Diseases Treated in Animals
Parvo, Leukemia, Rabies
Diseases Treated in Humans
Polio, Anthrax, Smallpox
Laws Governing Testing
Negative Aspects of Testing
Loopholes in Law
Alternatives to Animal Testing
Conclusion Animal Testing: Necessary and Humane in Modern Practice
The struggle against sickness and disease is not over, yet medical progress is being threatened by activists…
Remarque, Erich Maria. All quiet on the western front.
United States: Ballentine books, 1982.
An insider’s perspective on the brutality of World War 1.
When Erich Maria Remarque wrote All Quiet On The Western Front, he created a story unlike any that had been seen before. Novels based on warfare tend to be romanticized; this is partly due to the fact that history tends to be written by the victors. While writing All Quiet On The Western Front, Remarque was able to tell the story of World War…
need is greatest in Manitoba, Ontario and Alberta.
Nowadays, animal testing is a subject that often occurs. Some people think it is needed in research, meanwhile others think it is not allowed to sacrifice animals for sciences because they are treated badly during their lifetime. Although some opponents do not consider the fact that animals are also used in food industry. Basically, laboratory animals are breed for sciences and will guarantee improvements in this field, so everyone…
teachings in Hinduism and they must be pursued with the dharma; the goal of Dharma is that they keep the welfare and of all others in mind as they attain their own personal goals. The highest goal or teaching in Hinduism is moksha which means liberation. Liberation is usually taught to a Hindu by a teacher, guru. In this religious belief the cause of human suffering is ignorance. Ignorance comes from desires and actions; such actions and desires create a multitude of consequences either later in life…
Liberation of the Netherlands ( 1944-1945)
Johannes blaskowitz : was a German general during World War .Blaskowitz remained in Holland he was suddenly recalled and ordered to attack. Blaskowitz was subsequently transferred to Holland. Blaskowitz allowed Allied airdrops of food and medicine to the Dutch civilian population.On May 5, Blaskowitz was summoned to surrender the German forces in the Netherlands
Wendell Berry’s “Mad Farmer liberation Front” makes a strong argument for the simple life, preservation of nature, and individualism.
Wendell Berry clearly states how Americans and people should live their lives. Berry’s points are valid and to the point; he believes that an independent person is a strong person. This very argument is ageless; used by people throughout time. One could say Wendell Berry is somewhat of a modern day Thomas Jefferson seeing how they share similar ideas…