Anorexia Anorexia Nervosa is a psychological disorder. People who have anorexia have an intense fear of gaining weight. They limit the amount of food they eat and become dangerously thin. They have a distorted body image and an irrational fear of becoming overweight. It affects both the body and the mind. It may start as dieting but it gets out of control. A person with anorexia weighs much less then what they should be. Their body mass index is at 17.5 or less, they have a severe fear of putting on weight and refuse to stay at a normal weight. They obsess about food, weight and dieting, strictly limit how much they eat. They also exercise a lot even when they are sick. Anorexia usually starts in the teen years. According to an article written by Jane Morris and Sara Twaddle, called Anorexia Nervosa, (2007) “anorexia is twice as common in teenage girls, with an average age of onset of 15 years; 80-90 percent of patients with anorexia are females.” This article summarizes the causes of anorexia. There is no single cause. You may be more likely to have anorexia if other people in your family have an eating disorder, you have a job or do a sport that stresses body size such as modeling, you are the type of person who tries to be perfect all the time or you are dealing with a stressful life event such as divorce. Many women who were sexually abused as children are more likely to develop eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. This article also talks about treatments, it takes an average of 5 to 6 years to fully recovery from anorexia. Medical condition must be stabilized before psychological treatment. Patients may be tube fed for a time until they begin to eat enough on their own. Then psychological treatment beings. They may expose the patient to complications such as infections and exposing them to a “proanorexia” culture, which is showing them other patients who have anorexia. The earlier anorexia is diagnosed the better it is to treat. 76 percent start between ages 11 and 20. It is much more common in females than males. 6 percent of anorexia patients die and half of deaths result in suicide. Anorexia Nervosa has the highest mortality rate for any mental illness. Patients with anorexia are obsessed with food and often eat in bizarre ways. According to Ben-Tovim (1988), “patients misperceive their own body image and claim to feel fat despite being manifestly thing, they may also be misperceiving the size and possibly other qualities of their food.” (p. 1689) Kyle Killian, Fearing Fat: A Literature Review of Family Systems Understanding and Treatments of Anorexia. Anorexia is a complex disorder, it is a mental illness but also involves serious medical complications. This includes, hypotension, which is low blood pressure, slow heart beat, irregular heart beats, low levels of potassium, magnesium and sodium. anemia, dehydration, hormonal imbalance, kidney and liver disorders, ulcers and osteoporosis. Anorectics may experience depressed mood and sleep disturbances as well. The diagnostic criteria for Anorexia Nervosa is weight loss of 15 percent or more below their expected weight, they have an intense fear of becoming overweight, body image disturbance and the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles. There are many sociological factors that cause anorexia. The influence of social class, race, birth order, broken homes and parental age at time of patients birth are all factors. According to Killian (1994), “a sociocultural factor that contributes to the creation of eating disorders is the subordinate position of women in society. Social norms have taught women to be passive, dependent and satisfied with limited control over their lives. An anorexic may feel and/or look inadequate and both frequently require physical care. Anorexia allows women a degree of power in their lives.” (p. 313) For Anorexia Nervosa there are many treatments. One of these is a structural family therapy. In examining the
either insufficiently or excessively taking in food.
Eating disorder can be classified to various type of disorders such as the following. Anorexia Nerosa is distinguished as refusal to eat. It affects both female and male at any age but disproportionately affects young women in their teen years and early twenties. The most recent diagnosis for Anorexia Nerosa must first meet four specification. Firstly, a person must refuse to maintain body weight over a minimal normal weight for age and height…
Adolescence and Eating Disorders
Since the late twentieth century the number of people suffering from eating disorders has greatly increased. The most common among these is anorexia nervosa which is a psychological eating disorder. This disorder is noticed in people of all age groups, all races and it affects both the sexes. Though this disorder is found in all races but its incidence amongst the whites is higher as compared to other races. It is more commonly seen in girls…
types of eating disorders: Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder, Bulimia Nervosa
and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS).
Anorexia nervosa is a serious and potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by
self-starvation and extreme weight loss.
❏ Approximately 90-95% of anorexia nervosa sufferers are girls and women
❏ Anorexia nervosa is one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in adolescent
❏ Anorexia nervosa has one of the highest death…
Anorexia nervosa has been generally defined as a person who creates a disallowance for their self to eat and maintaining a healthy body weight. The eating disorder is not characterized by a lack of hunger rather than having hunger yet choosing starvation at a cost of many psychological factors. There are thousands of reasons why a person may choose to begin starve themselves, but the most astounding part of this disorder is not only the physical but also psychological effects that occur because of…
Anorexia Nervosa, or simply "anorexia" as it is more commonly known, is a disease classified in the eating disorder category. Affecting about one in every two-hundred fifty young women in the United States, it is a disease which is characterized by the refusal to eat. This refusal is completely by the person's own will. Generally, they deny their appetite and enjoyment of food. The cause of the refusal to eat is a direct result of the fact that no matter how thin they actually are, anorexics see…
April 10th 2013
There may be mumbles about that girl who only fixes herself a salad with only vinegar at
dining services or suspicious glances at someone who spends an hour on the treadmill and then
switches to the stair stepper at the rec. On-campus eating disorders are talked about everywhere
and yet are not really talked about at all. There is observation, concern, and gossip, but hushed
conversation and larger scale efforts…
between the ages of twelve and eighteen who are diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). It will address the nature and extent of the issue of AN in the target population, weigh the positive and negative aspects of different types of therapies on the target population and show the potential limitations of the use of DBT versus other forms of therapies.
Proposal for Evidence Based Practice Paper
This paper will discuss Anorexia Nervosa as an eating disorder that predominantly affects girls and…
four. They are Anorexia and Bulemia which are the most common and Cachexia and Binge eating disorder which are the other two. “Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior” ("Eating Disorders Statistics - National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated…
The Effects of Schizophrenia, Anorexia and Insomnia on the Human Body
The Effects of Schizophrenia, Anorexia and Insomnia on the Human Body
The human body is capable of many feats, and has even surpassed common expectations on its ability to withstand what is conceived to be the absolute limit. The mind is another feature of the human body that is capable of many feats as well, but they are not necessarily for the better. A person’s mind is capable of any thought, and if combined with the person’s…
This paper will focus on the subject of bulimia nervosa. Discussed on the issue will be the following key topics: historical context, cause of the illness, treatment, prevention, cross-cultural issues, and a biblical worldview. Eating disorders have been known throughout the history of time; however, bulimia nervosa is a fairly newly founded disorder in which did not get named until the late 1970’s. There is a growing need for research…