Essay on Anthropology the study of man

Submitted By hannahcorman21
Words: 397
Pages: 2

Anthropology – the study of man/humans, comparative science that examines all societies, ancient and modern, simple and complex.
Subfields of anthropology
Sociocultural
Biological
Linguistic
Archeological
Culture
Environmental force that affects our development
Guides our emotional and cognitive growth and helps determine the kinds of personalities we have as adults
Ideas based on cultural learning and symbols
Culture is transmitted through observation and is also absorbed unconsciously
Culture is symbolic – “culture consists of tools, implements, utensils, clothing, ornaments, customs, institutions, beliefs, rituals, games, etc…”
Culture is transmitted in society
Enculturation – the process by which a child learns his or her culture
Culture encompasses features that are sometimes regarded as trivial or unworthy of serious study
Cultures are integrated patterned systems, if one part of the system changes, other parts change as well.
The Power to Naturalize
A Priori – relating to what can be known through an understanding of how certain things work rather than by observation
Blumenbach (1781)
Races type to refer to human categories
Caucasians
Mongolians
Malay
Ethiopians
Americans
Hooton (1926)
Caucasoid
Mongoloid
Negroid
Monogenesis – common origin of human race
Polygenesis – completely independent origin of human race
Craniometry –
Robert Bennett Bean –
Anterior (genu) higher mental, creativity, problem solving
Posterior (splenial) motor ability, balance
Researched different gender and race of brains. Came up with white people had bigger brains than black people, white people to be superior
Paul Brocca/ Hypothesis and Research
Many things affect brain size such as body size. Does not have an effect on intelligence. Diseases.…