15 October 2014
1. George Washington-on May 28 1754 then a 22 year old gentleman farmer promoted to lieutenant colonel in the Virginia militia
2. Fort Dequesne- French troops had been sent from what is now Pittsburgh to look for Washington’s force. It was part of a string of French forts built along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to maintain New France's claims in the region.
3. French and Indian War- 1754-1763 The war was fought between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France, as well as Native American allies.
4. Seven Years' War- Another name for the French and Indian war by most of Europe
5. Fort Pitt- Was named Fort Dequesne not Fort Pitt for William Pitt who had led Britain as prime minister during the war.
6. George III- Wanted peace and signed the Treaty of Paris to end the war in 1763.
7. Pontiac's Rebellion- Pontiac, an Ottawa chief, was inspired by Neolin's preaching about return to the original state before they found out their country, he told them his fellow Indians to take back what is theirs and attacked British forts across the region. The British were caught off guard but fought back. Amherst distributed small-pox infected blankets to Indians, a move that rapidly spread the disease. The French then sent a letter saying that they weren't going to help. Pontiac then wanted to make peace and signed a peace treaty by July 1766. Three years later he was killed probably by other Indians who resented both the deaths that his rebellions had caused and his quick surrender.
8. The Proclamation Line of 1763- designed to protect Indian tribes by setting a boundary at the peaks of the Appalachian mountains beyond which no western white settlement was to take place
9. Paxton boys- attacked a Delaware village killed six people and burned the town
10. George Grenville- asked Britain’s North American colonists to pay what the authorities in London thought was fair share of the war's cost
11. Loyalists- the name given to those in the colonies perhaps one fifth to one third of the total population who supported the British and opposed American independence
12. Benjamin Franklin- William Franklin was his son who was a loyalist
13. Ethan Allen- a man of modest education who was the leader of Vermont's Green Mountain Boys
14. Voltaire-advocated commitment to liberty and the need to overthrow unjust authorities
15. Rousseau- advocated commitment to liberty and the need to overthrow unjust authorities
16. Montesquieu-advocated commitment to liberty and the need to overthrow unjust authorities
17. Republicanism-a complex changing body of ideas values and assumptions that held the self government by the citizens of a country
18. Haitian Revolution- Toussaint L'Overture led the rebels in Haiti to win a series of victories but was captured and died in France but had a new Republic of Haiti by 1804
19. impressment- the British policy of forcibly enlisting sailors into the British navy against their will
20. Sugar and currency acts of 64- increased the duties and strengthened collection of customs on rum and molasses. Prohibited the colonies from issuing their own paper money as legal tender for public or private debts to Britain
21. Stamp Act of 1765- Taxed all legal and commercial documents creating an immediate hardship for business leaders and building resentment in many ports where people depended on those businesses for jobs
22. Townshend duties of 1767- Charles Townshend imposed new taxes on lead paint paper and tea also known as Revenue Act of 1767
23. Tea Act of 1773- buy east India company could ship large quantities of tea to the colonies without paying required duties making the tea cheaper for the colonists even with the townshend tea tax
24. Intolerable Acts- Parliaments response to the tea riots the closed the port of Boston expanded the royal governors authority shifted control of