Chapter 2 Review
Agricultural Revolution- When people started to raise animal and no longer hunted and gathered.
Baby Boom- Increased birthrate.
Census- Complete numeration of population.
Crude Birth Rate- Number of births in one year for every 1,000 people.
Crude Death Rate- Number of deaths in one year for every 1,000 people.
Demography- The study of population characteristics.
Dependency Ratio- Number of people under 15 years old and over 64 years old, compared to the people in the labor force.
Doubling Time- Years it takes for population to double, if natural increase rate were constant.
Ecumene- The portion of Earth’s surface used by permanent human settlement.
Epidemiological Transition- The different causes of death in each stage of demographic transition.
Epidemiology- The study of the causes, distribution and control of disease in populations.
Expansive Population Policy- Policy that encourages people to have large families and raise the rate of population growth.
Industrial Revolution- Several improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Infant Mortality Rate-Total number of infant deaths in one year for every 1,00 people in a society.
Life Expectancy- Average age someone is expected to live in a society.
Medical Revolution- Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and have healthier lives.
Natural Increase Rate- The percentage of growth of a population in one year.
Overpopulation- The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Pandemic- Disease that is spread in a wide geographic area and affects a big part of the population.
Physiological Density- Number of people per unit of arable land.
Population Pyramid- A bar graph representing the distribution by age and sex.
Restrictive Population Policy- When the government wants people to reduce the natural increase rate.
Total Fertility Rate-Average number of