1. Ad hominem – an attack by character or name 2. A fortiori – use of an argument that asserts that if something less likely is true, then something more likely is bound to be true. Similarly, if something difficult is accomplished, something easy will be accomplished. 3. Anadiplosis – the repetition of the last word (or phrase) from the previous line, clause, or sentence at the beginning of the next. Often combined with climax. 4. Anaphora – repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of a successive clauses, sentences, or lines. 5. Anastrophe – departure from normal word order for the sake of emphasis. 6. Aporia – deliberating with oneself as though in doubt over some matter; asking oneself (or rhetorically asking ones hearers) what is the best or appropriate way to approach something. 7. Apostrophe – turning ones speech from one audience to another. Most often, apostrophe occurs when one addresses oneself to an abstraction, to inanimate object, or to the absent. 8. Asyndeton – the omission of conjunctions between clauses, often resulting in a hurried rhythm or vehement effect. 9. Assonance – repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants, in the stressed syllables of adjacent words. 10. Chiasmus – repetition of ideas in inverted order. Repetition of grammatical structures in inverted order (not to be mistaken with antimetabole, in which identical words are repeated and inverted) also known as ANISTROPHE. 11. Circumlocution – as the name implies, “talking around” something, usually by supplying a descriptive phrase in place of a name (=PERIPHRASIS) 12. Cliché – a phrase, expression, or idea that have been overused to the point it loses its force. 13. Commonplace/meme – a viewpoint that your audience holds in place (already believes in). 14. Concessio – conceding an argument, either jestingly and contemptuously, or to prove a more important point. A synonym for paromologia. 15. Dialogismus – speaking as someone else, either to bring in others points of view into ones own speech, or to conduct a pseudo-dialog through taking up an opposing position with oneself. 16. Dialysis – the speaker/writer seeks to force the audience into an either/or choice. 17. Diazeugma – the figure by which a single subject governs several verbs or verbal constructions (usually arranged in parallel fashion and expressing a similar idea); the opposite of zeugma. 18. Dubitation – feigned doubt about ones ability to speak well. A PERSONAL FORM OF APORIA. 19. Enargia – generic name for a group of figures aiming at vivid, lively description. 20. Enthymeme – the informal method of reasoning typical of rhetorical discourse. The enthymeme is sometimes defined as a “truncated syllogism” since either the major or minor premise found in that more formal method of reasoning is left implied. The enthymeme typically occurs as a conclusion coupled with a reason. 21. Epistrophe – ending a series of lines, phrases, clauses, or sentences with the same word or words. 22. Eqizeuxis – repetition of words with no others between, for vehemence or emphasis. 23. Equivocation – the use of equivocal or ambiguous expression, esp. in order to mislead or hedge; prevarication. 24. Hypophora – a rhetorical question that is immediately answered. 25. Jargon – terminology that relates to a specific activity, profession, or group. 26. Jeremiad – a prophecy of doom. 27. Jingoism – extreme patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy. 28. Litotes – deliberate understatement, especially when expressing a thought by denying its opposite. 29. Meiosis – reference to something with a name disproportionately lesser than its nature (a kind of LIOTES) 30. Metastasis – denying and turning back…
As a teenager, I can definitely tell you that there is no point in life which is as
quarrelsome as this one. The reason it is so contentious and mind exhausting is
because we are trying to figure out not only what we believe, but also who we want to
be and why. To a typical adult, they seem like simple stuff to figure out, but it's not. I will
first say why I can't decide on what I want to become, and then I will say…
that would be a major help in revision because the majority of us cling to the first draft and don't take revising seriously, but with the willingness to revise well and deep the essay would improve a lot.
I earned the AP score I got because I lacked invention throughout my essay and I also went down the safe and predicable route instead of risky. My strengths of writing consist of me coming up with many out going and outrageous ideas, that are not vague and safe, yet…
21 August 2013
“Ashes” by Julia Peterkin was a story about an old black lady that burns down the new house built next to her house because she believed that Jesus had sent her a sign to do so. She goes to the sheriff and he seemed to not care and seemed to be on her side. He gave her a ride back home and acted as if nothing happened. I think the significance of the title “Ashes” means the rebirth of her life. Like another chance to start…
help the reader know that the passage is not nonse.
Language and Composition page 117 notes
● Rhetoric is “the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of
Lou Gehrig’s Speech
Gehrig considers himself the luckiest man alive even after getting the bad break of
being diagnosed with ALS.
He always looked at the positive even when having a rough life.
Lou Gehrig understood that rhetoric is always situational.
It has a
the occasion or the time and place it was written or spoken …
Monro, Fiona, and Gail Huon. “Media Portrayed Idealized Images, Body Shame, and
Appearance Anxiety.” International Journal of Eating Disorders 38.1 (2005): 8590.
Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
Idealized images detrimentally affect the body image of young women [and men]
Media portrayed images, especially those presented in the context of advertisements for
dieting and weightaltering products, promote the idea that body shape and size are flexible,
and that achieving the thin ideal is relatively easy (Brownwell 1991)…
The Story “Frankenstein” by Mary Shelley is about Victor Frankenstein’s creature living in a world where he frightens people because of his appearance. You would think that Frankenstein is the antagonist in this story because he plays God and creates a hideous being. At the same time that I believe that the creature was not meant to be so vile, I also believe that the creature is a monster inside and out. The creature seeks vengeance, goes on a murderous path, and demands a female creature similar…
Revisiting and Reliving Sacred Memories
Younger generations, unlike that of E. B. White’s, are stereotypically forgetful of gratefulness. It is not uncommon to lose sight of all that one has. Sometimes one needs a retreat, an escape from the present to revisit special and sacred memories. Memories do not necessarily have to have a positive connotation to be special, and it is negative moments that enhance the positive ones. E. B. White utilizes vivid contrast between the past and the present…
The feeling I got from the first essay in AP Lang, was not exactly ecstatic. I was confused about how to start the essay since there was no format for me to begin with, and I was pressured by the time limit and completely forgot to plan for my essay. By the time that I noticed that my whole essay was a complete mess, I had already used half of my time up. I had no composition or theme, and the ideas were all over the place instead of in a certain area of the essay. Obviously by the way I was…
Billy was born in New York, in 1922. He did fairly well in high school and was drafted into that Army in World War 2. Billy was in the Battle of the Bulge when he was taken by the Germans. But this story of Billy Pilgrim isn’t just a regular story of a man in war; there is a twist to this story. Just before Billy was captured by the Germans, Billy experiences time travel. He sees his whole life. On the first few days being in this camp, Billy has a shot of Morphine because he has…