Ap Personality Exam Essay

Submitted By danchu808
Words: 1217
Pages: 5

1.
The defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called:
A)
projection.
B)
displacement.
C)
fixation.
D)
reaction formation.
E)
rationalization.

2.
Sasha believes that the questions on college tests are so unrelated to course work that studying is useless. Sasha's belief most clearly illustrates:
A)
reciprocal determinism.
B)
the false consensus effect.
C)
an external locus of control.
D)
the spotlight effect.
E)
the Barnum effect.

3.
Two-year-old Damien frequently refuses to obey his parents because he derives immense pleasure from demonstrating his independence from their control. Freud would have suggested that Damien is going through the ________ stage of development.
A)
phallic
B)
anal
C)
genital
D)
latency
E)
oral

4.
While Professor Gomez was going through a painful divorce, he tended to create unnecessarily difficult tests and gave his students unusually low grades. A psychoanalyst would be most likely to view the professor's treatment of students as an example of:
A)
reaction formation.
B)
rationalization.
C)
displacement.
D)
projection.
E)
regression.

5.
Rona was asked by her psychotherapist to describe what she saw in 10 ambiguous inkblots. Rona was most likely responding to a(n) ________ test.
A)
Projective Test
B)
Thematic Apperception Test
C)
multiphasic personality
D)
aptitude
E)
empirically derived

6.
Parents who disguise hostility toward their children by becoming overly protective of them are very likely using the defense mechanism of:
A)
projection.
B)
regression.
C)
rationalization.
D)
reaction formation.
E)
displacement.

7.
Freud referred to a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage as:
A)
reaction formation.
B)
projection.
C)
fixation.
D)
displacement.
E)
repression.

8.
When 2-year-old Matthew was told he would get no dessert until he finished the food on his plate, he threw his plate on the floor in a temper tantrum. Freud would have suggested that Matthew was unable to resist the demands of his:
A)
superego.
B)
collective unconscious.
C)
ego.
D)
id.
E)
Oedipus complex.

9.
The Big Five Test measures:
A)
Type A and Type B personalities.
B)
The meaningfulness of dreams.
C)
Five different defense mechanisms.
D)
Five separate dimensions of personality including openness.
E)
Personal responses to ambiguous ink blots.

10.
A psychotherapist instructs Dane to relax, close his eyes, and state aloud whatever thoughts come to mind no matter how trivial or absurd. The therapist is using a technique known as:
A)
fixation.
B)
free association.
C)
factor analysis.
D)
hypnosis.
E)
projection.

11.
Mr. Dutoit was asked by his psychotherapist to look at some storybook pictures and make up a story about each. Mr. Dutoit was most likely taking the:
A)
TAT.
B)
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator.
C)
MMPI.
D)
Personal Orientation Inventory.
E)
Rorschach test.

12.
According to Freud, the most important conflict (erongenous) zone during earliest infancy consists of the:
A)
eyes.
B)
mouth.
C)
bowels.
D)
breasts.
E)
urethra.

13.
Mark typically responds to stress in a calm and thoughtful manner. Chandler usually becomes agitated. The reactions of Mark and Chandler indicate that each has a distinctive:
A)
reaction formation.
B)
collective unconscious.
C)
Oedipus complex.
D)
self-serving bias.
E)
personality.

14.
A competitive and controlling individual would be said to have a Type ____ personality:
A)
B
B)
C
C)
A
D)
D
E)
R

15.
An individual who is lazy, sloppy, and generally disregards personal hygiene would be considered to be:
A)
Anal retentive
B)
Oedipal
C)
Displacing
D)
Anal expulsive
E)
Envious

16.
According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the:
A)
collective unconscious.
B)
ego.
C)
self-concept.
D)
id.
E)
superego.

17.
The perception that one can strongly influence the outcome and destiny of one's own life exemplifies:
A)
the self-reference…