French Protestant dissenters. Were granted limited toleration under the Edict of Nantes. After King Louis XIV outlawed Protestantism in 1685, many Huguenots fled elsewhere, including British North America
Edict of Nantes
Decree issued by the French crown granting limited toleration to French Protestants. Ended religious wars n France and inaugurated a period of French preeminence in Europe and across Atlantic. Repealed by Louis XIV in 1685, prompting many to flee to North America.
Coureurs de bois
French fur-trappers who established trading posts throughout North America. Fur trapping consequently wreaked havoc on the health and customs of Native Americans that traded with them.
King William's War
1688 - 1697. A war fought largely between trappers, British settlers, and their respective Indian allies. A part of the War of the League of Augsburg.
Queen Anne's War
1701 - 1713. The North American theater of the War of Spanish Succession. Fought between English and French colonists in the North and English and Spanish in Florida.
War of Jenkin's Ear
Started in 1739. Small-scale clash between Britain and Spain in the Caribbean the Georgia colony over smuggling. Would merge into the War of Austrian Succession.
King George's War
1744 - 1748. North American theater of the War of Austrian Succession that pitted British colonies against the French in the North. Peace settlement did not involve any territorial realignment, leading to conflict between New England settlers and the British government.
French residents of Nova Scotia, many of whom where uprooted by the British in 1755 and scattered as far south as Lousiana, where descendants became known as the Cajuns.
French and Indian War
1754 - 1763. Seven Years' War. Nine year war fought between the British and the French in North America. Resulted in the expulsion of French from the North American mainland and created friction between the British government and its colonists.
Albany Congress (1754)
Inter-colonial congress summoned by the British government to foster greater colonial unity and assure Iroquois support in the escalating Seven Years' War.
Trained professional soldiers of the British empire. During the Seven Years' War, British generals, who were used to training regulars rather than normal colonial militiamen, showed contempt to the ill-trained colonists.
Battle of Quebec
1759. Historic British victory over French forces on the outskirts of Quebec. The French surrender marked the beginning of the end of French rule in North America.
1763. Bloody campaign waged by Ottawa chief Pontiac to drive the British out of the Ohio country. Brutally crushed by British troops, who resorted to distributing blankets infected with smallpox as a means to put down the rebellion.
Proclamation of 1763
Decree issued by Parliament prohibiting settlement beyond the Appalachians. Was disregarded by English colonists. Contributed to the rising resentment of British rule in American colonies.
Defined a just society as one in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private, selfish self interests to the common good
Followers believed that wealth was power and that a country's economic wealth could be measured by the amount of gold and silver in its treasury
First aroused the resentment of the colonists in 1763 by ordering the British navy to begin strictly enforcing the Navigation Laws
Sugar Act of 1764
First law ever passed by Parliament for raising tax revenue in the colonies for the crown; among various provisions, it increased the duty on foreign sugar
Quartering Act of 1765
Required certain colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops
Stamp Act of 1765
Mandated the use of stamped paper/the affixing of stamps
Stamp Act Congress of 1765
Assemblage in New York City which brought together 27 delegates who