Chapter 15 I agree with the top 10 picks Trevor 1. $*Aztecs After the Toltec Empire was destroyed, the Aztecs took control and established an early American empire characterized by sacrificial beliefs, intensive agricultural production, and tribute systems, in the new capital of Tenochtitlan in central mexico.
2. $*Incas a group in the Americas that built another strong American empire that focused on integrating their empire as a single unit and creating extensive road systems as well as terraced farming on the steep mountains of Peru. They divided into
4 provinces ruled by a governor, then into smaller regions led by local leaders
(curacas) and established Cuzco as the Empire’s capital.
3. split inheritance An Incan practice where the political power of a ruler was passed on to his successor, whereas his material possessions remained in the hands of his male descendants. 4. Chinampas Aztec system of irrigation of using beds of aquatic weeds, mud and earth to grow plants in and around the lake near Tenochtitlan.
5. mita Inca system of communities taking turns working on state and church lands and sometimes on building projects or in mining in order for the Inca people to maintain control. 6. $Grand Canal Built by Yangdi and designed to link the original centers of Chinese civilization in north China with the Yangtze river basin. Promoted trade between these regions. 7. $*Neo Confucianism revival of Confucian teachings. brought back exam systems, and social hierarchy relations involved with Confucianism.
8. Li Yuan the Duke of Tang, took over after Yangdi and founded the Tang dynasty.
9. Zhou Kuangyin general tha started Song Dynasty, renamed emperor Taizu. continued Confucian ideas and exam systems.
10. *Emperor Wuzong the Emperor of Tang Dynasty after Empress Wu (who tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion). Along with the Confucians and Daoists, Wuzong opposed Buddhism and he destroyed their shrines and monasteries
11. Taika reforms Aimed to completely revamp the imperial administration along Chinese lines, new chinese characters in language (written), in Japan
12. bushi (Warrior leaders) administered law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenue from peasants [Mainly for themselves].
13. Shoguns Different feudalistic factions that were had many rival Shoguns and fought a long civil war of the rule of Japan for many long years.These leaders had the most power in the majority of Fuedal Japan.
14. $*sinification The mass adoption of Chinese culture in other places such as Korea and Japan and Vietnam(Ex. Chinese Buddhism and Education).
15. $*japanese feudalism Like the early European feudalism, Japanese had a system of military estates with their own economy and rules. Samurai were loyal warlords who watched over and protected the estates. They pledged war support and would join with other Samurai’s in time of great need. In return for support, peasants paid “taxes” back to the lord of the estate (The bushi or Daimyo). Daimyo Like a Bushi lord. the
Shoguns would act as the most central ruler of their dominion.
16. $*Khanates The 4 Mongol kingdoms that were ruled by Chinggis Khan’s sons. They included the Golden Horde in western asia and east europe, the great khanate which became the Yuan Dynasty in China, the il khanate in Persia and the middle east, and the Chagati khanate in central asia 17. $*Chinggis KhanThe head of the nomadic Mongol Empire, or Khagan, who lead the mongolian conquest across Asia and the Silk Road and established Karakorum as the
Empire’s capital. 18. white lotus society Secret religious sects, sought to overthrow the mongol dynasty that ruled china, leader claimed they had magical power to heal their followers and encouraged peasant resistance against the mongols.
19. Ming Dynasty) [Ju Yuanzhang] Founder of the Ming dynasty